Politologija 2019-09-17T22:47:43+03:00 Tomas Janeliūnas Open Journal Systems <p>Founded in 1989. Publishes articles on political science and international relations. Indexed in the Scopus database since 2012.</p> How the New Technologies Shapes the Understanding of the Political Act: the case of Digital Vigilantism 2019-09-17T22:46:41+03:00 Augustė Dementavičienė <p>This paper is part of a bigger project where I try to evaluate and merge different philosophical and sociological approaches in order to understand and show how new technologies could change political life. This article aims to propose conceptual instruments suitable for that endeavor through the analysis of a small example of postmodern life&nbsp;– Digital Vigilantism&nbsp;– and based on ideas of Daniel Trottier, Zygmunt Bauman, and Michel Foucault. The&nbsp;<em>swarm</em>&nbsp;is a metaphor used by Zygmunt Bauman to show how the understanding of communities is changed in liquid modernity. Swarms are based on untied, uncontrolled, short-term relationships between consumers/users that are formed with the express purpose of achieving some goals. Swarms could be massive in numbers and have a lot of power for a quite short period. One such example could be Digital Vigilantism, which is an act of punishing certain citizens&nbsp;– those believed to be deserving of punishment by Internet users. One particular form of digital vigilantism is disclosing someone’s personal information (addresses, phone numbers, emails, Facebook accounts, etc.) for everybody to see in order to spread shaming acts. The acts of DV sometimes gain enough power to change the political agenda. The problem is that the interest of people to solve certain issues is often extremely short; meanwhile, a sustainable political act/change requires an active and stable effort for a much longer period. The main intrigue lies in whether the political act itself can change from being influenced by the swarm effect.</p> 2019-09-12T14:04:13+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Political Attitudes of Arab Citizens in North Africa 2019-09-17T22:46:52+03:00 Mahmoudreza Rahbarqazi Seyed Javad Emamjomehzadeh Hossein Masoudnia <p>Theories of social capital, government performance, Islamic values, and globalization are among the most important tools that can be used to help explain individuals’ political attitudes. The present research attempts to address the effects of the abovementioned factors on the political attitude of Arab citizens using the Arab Barometer Wave IV data. The results showed that only 23.2% of citizens disagreed with a democratic political system, while 70.3% and 60.1% expressed their opposition to authoritarian and Shari’ah-based systems. Results of the final model of research indicated that memberships in social associations, on the one hand, increased the tendency of individuals to support authoritarian and law-based political systems and, on the other hand, did not have any significant effect on the tendency toward supporting a democratic political system. It was concluded that improving economic performance not only affected the promotion of the Shari’ah-based political system, but that Political Performance also reduced the inclinations toward Shari’ah and authoritarianism. Furthermore, Political Performance increased the tendency of individuals to favor a democratic system. In addition, although individuals’ support for a Shari’ah-based political system had increased, Islamic values did not act as a barrier that would keep individuals away from favoring a democratic political system. Among the variables of globalization, the expansion of communication reduced people’s tendencies toward Shari’ah and authoritative political systems, along with a positive effect on strengthening support for democratic systems. Ultimately, Westernization only affected the shrinking support of some Shari’ah-based political systems.</p> 2019-09-09T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The President’s Influence on the Formation of Lithuanian Foreign Policy: A Shift of the Power Center During Grybauskaitė’s Term 2019-09-17T22:47:43+03:00 Tomas Janeliūnas <p>This article raises the question of what role does the presidential institution hold in the Lithuanian foreign policy formation mechanism and how a particular actor (president) can change their powers in foreign policy without going beyond the functions formally defined in the Constitution. The period of President Grybauskaitė’s term and her efforts as an actor to define her role in shaping Lithuanian foreign policy are analyzed. This is assessed in the context of the activities and behavior of former Lithuanian presidents and in the context of relations with other institutions involved in foreign policy making – the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) and the Seimas in particular. This article analyzes the relationship between the actor (Grybauskaitė) and the already established structure of domestic foreign policy formation and the ability of the actor to change this structure. The analysis suggests that it is precisely because of the choices made by Grybauskaite during 2009–2019 that a relationship between the structures of foreign policy making in Lithuania has changed considerably, and that the center of power of foreign policy formation has shifted to the presidency.</p> 2019-07-17T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Editorial Board and Table of Contents 2019-07-17T19:36:32+03:00 Tomas Janeliūnas 2019-07-17T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Opportunities and Limitations of Using Artificial Neural Networks in Social Science Research 2019-09-17T22:47:33+03:00 Lukas Pukelis Vilius Stančiauskas <p>Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are being increasingly used in various disciplines outside computer science, such as bibliometrics, linguistics, and medicine. However, their uptake in the social science community has been relatively slow, because these highly non-linear models are difficult to interpret and cannot be used for hypothesis testing. Despite the existing limitations, this paper argues that the social science community can benefit from using ANNs in a number of ways, especially by outsourcing laborious data coding and pre-processing tasks to machines in the early stages of analysis. Using ANNs would enable small teams of researchers to process larger quantities of data and undertake more ambitious projects. In fact, the complexity of the pre-processing tasks that ANNs are able to perform mean that researchers could obtain rich and complex data typically associated with qualitative research at a large scale, allowing to combine the best from both qualitative and quantitative approaches.</p> 2019-07-17T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Small States and the Struggle for Power in the Arctic Region: A Case Study of Denmark 2019-09-17T22:47:23+03:00 Gabija Lukšaitė <p>This paper examines the specifics of foreign policy strategies used by Denmark as a small state in the Arctic region. Based upon a number of theoretical approaches in terms of analyzing small state foreign policy, this study is primarily focused on how small states manage to pursue their goals in an international environment typically dominated by large powers.</p> 2019-07-17T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Interorganizational Cooperation and Youth Policy: Case of Utena 2019-09-17T22:47:13+03:00 Gerda Vaičiūnaitė Eugenijus Dunajevas <p>The implementation of youth policy is closely connected to interorganizational cooperation between the organizations that are active in the field of youth activities. The goal of this paper is to present the results of a study wherein the factors that possibly determine cooperation between youth organizations and the local government administration in the Utena District municipality were studied. According to the studies on cooperation and organizational behavior, the factors that contribute to cooperation are the following: an uncertainty of the future, possessing mutual goals, the costs and benefits of cooperation maintenance, and the level of trust between organizations. In order to determine the exact combination of factors and how they contribute to cross-organizational cooperation, a crisp-set qualitative comparative analysis was conducted. The possible cooperation situations between the organizations that are active in the field of youth and the local government administration were the study cases. The semistructured interview method was employed in order to interview the representatives of local the government administration and organizations. The results of data analysis revealed that the most important factor for interorganizational cooperation in the field of youth policy is the level of trust between organizations in the Utena District municipality.&nbsp;</p> 2019-07-17T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## On National Egoism and International Solidarity 2019-09-17T22:47:03+03:00 Raimundas Lopata 2019-07-17T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Summary 2019-07-17T19:36:30+03:00 Tomas Janeliūnas 2019-07-17T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Author Guidelines and Bibliographic Data 2019-07-17T19:36:29+03:00 Tomas Janeliūnas 2019-07-17T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##