Politologija http://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija <p>Founded in 1989. Publishes articles on political science and international relations. Indexed in the Scopus database since 2012.</p> Vilniaus universiteto leidykla / Vilnius University Press en-US Politologija 1392-1681 <p>Please read the Copyright Notice in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/politologija/journalpolicy">Journal Policy</a>.&nbsp;</p> Editorial Board and Table of Contents http://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/12773 <p>[text in English and Lithuanian]</p> Žurnalas Politologija ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-15 2019-05-15 93 1 1 7 Corruption Scandals as Engines of Systemic Change: The Case of MG Baltic http://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/12774 <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <p>This article aims to determine the impact of corruption scandals on systemic partisan and legislative changes. The study is based on one case analysis focusing on the MG Baltic corruption scandal, which can be distinguished from other corruption scandals by its systemic large-scale trade of and the impact on political processes in Lithuania. The study uses the triangulation method using both official sources of information and 15 anonymous interviews that helped measure changes in informal politics-business relations in the context of the MG Baltic scandal. The changes are analyzed on three levels: changes in legislation, prevention of corruption within parties, and changes in informal political routines. The analysis confirms the significance of the three variables examined in the study – public discontent, media attention and political leadership – for the implementation of anti-corruption reforms.</p> Ainius Lašas Vaida Jankauskaitė ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-15 2019-05-15 93 1 8 35 10.15388/Polit.2019.93.1 Thomas Mann from the Perspective of Critical Theory http://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/12775 <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <p>The paper analyzes Thomas Mann’s literary work from the perspective of critical theory. By briefly discussing an alternative conception of critical theory, it emphasizes the importance of Karl Marx, Aristotle, and normativity to social and political theory. The paper argues that we need to conceptualize normativity in Aristotelian rather than Kantian terms, that is, by reinterpreting the tradition of the Greek notion of&nbsp;<em>aret</em><em>ē</em>&nbsp;(excellence). Hence the importance of Aristotle’s ethical reflections on the flourishing of human life and of the political community. Marx is important because he provided a historically informed analysis and critique of the socioeconomic structures of modern society. Marx also gave birth to a new paradigm for social sciences and humanities, a paradigm alternative to positivism and phenomenology. Its main premise is that social and political theory must articulate the normative notion of social emancipation and criticize society and its social structures by drawing on this notion of emancipation. Thomas Mann is interesting and important from the point of view of critical theory; among other things, he provides a literary critique of the European bourgeois society and its way of life. As an illustration, Thomas Mann’s dialectic of eroticism and death in the life of the bourgeois iron cage is also analyzed (the dialectic that we find in&nbsp;<em>Buddenbrooks</em>,&nbsp;<em>Death in Venice</em>, and&nbsp;<em>The Magic Mountain</em>).&nbsp;</p> Andrius Bielskis ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-15 2019-05-15 93 1 36 59 10.15388/Polit.2019.93.2 Russia’s Soft Power as a Limited Efficiency Tool in Lithuania http://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/12776 <p>[full article, abstract in English; abstract in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Lithuania has been a target of Russia’s soft power efforts for the past two decades. The aim of this article is to analyse Russia’s soft power influence possibilities in Lithuania. First, it analyzes how soft power is interpreted in Russia compared to the Western conception. Then, Russia’s soft power instruments and their core goals are reviewed, not all of which fall under the category of “soft power instruments” according to the Western understanding. The article proceeds with demographic changes in Lithuania and trends of consumption of Russian culture and information in Lithuania. The main argument is that Russia is not aiming to apply soft power to the general Lithuanian society but to particular groups within the population (Russophone minorities and residents with sentiments for the Soviet Union). It can be assumed that demographic trends and Russia’s aggressive actions will increasingly limit its soft power capabilities. However, the greatest setback to Russia’s soft power in Lithuania is arguably caused by its continuing reliance on hard power when it comes to countries of the post-Soviet space.</p> Giedrius Česnakas Vytautas Isoda ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-15 2019-05-15 93 1 60 97 10.15388/Polit.2019.93.3 The Failures of Culture Planning: The National Jubilee as an Object of Political Disagreement http://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/12777 <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <p>This article offers an analysis of public critiques and political disagreements regarding the program “Vilnius&nbsp;– European Capital of Culture 2009” and the centennial commemoration of the restored Lithuania, which was celebrated in 2018. The premises of the culture planning paradigm are critically scrutinized, and the confrontations between living culture and strategic planning (unavoidable in political reality) are discussed. The occasions of state or city jubilees somehow make it obligatory for the national community to mention and celebrate the important dates in a “proper” way. But when the actual date approaches, the discussions in the public space reveal the contradictions and a divergence between the different understandings of “culture as display” and civil cultures. The government convenes committees and approves programs. The public figures, media, as well as politicians stress that an upcoming national holiday should be a feast for the people, not for those in power. The requirement for ideological unity is put forward along the political talks regarding the necessity of assigning a special budget for the event. After the routine procedures of political elections (be it national or local), however, the ideas and programs of predecessors are criticized, even ridiculed, and become subject for change. Instances of political disagreements and the ensuing conflict over cultural regulations suggest that a critical cultural policy becomes a useful tool for the analysis of debates in public space. In making cultural policy and culture management decisions, one should be careful of pitfalls in the culture planning model, i.e., along the success stories one should learn from various, not only positive experiences and evaluate the possibilities of failure in culture planning.</p> Skaidra Trilupaitytė ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-15 2019-05-15 93 1 98 129 10.15388/Polit.2019.93.4 The United States of America and Military Coups in Turkey and Pakistan: Conspiracy and Reality http://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/12778 <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> Valerij Špak ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-15 2019-05-15 93 1 130 141 10.15388/Polit.2019.93.5 The Topics of Politics and Energy Security in a Social Study of Europe http://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/12779 <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> Giedrius Žvaliauskas ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-15 2019-05-15 93 1 142 146 10.15388/Polit.2019.93.6 Author Guidelines and Bibliographic Data http://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/12780 <p>[text in English and Lithuanian]</p> Žurnalas Politologija ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-15 2019-05-15 93 1 149 156 Table of Contents http://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/12215 <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> Politologija T. 92 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-12-07 2018-12-07 93 1 1 1 An apolitical generation: why is the young generation of Lithuania is not interested in politics? http://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/12216 <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <p>In the recent years, consolidated democracies have faced a great decline in citizens’ participation and interest in political life. The latest researches show that young people are especially disengaged and alien to political life. Moreover, Lithuania seems to have the greatest number of young people who are not interested in politics in the “so-called” developed world (OECD countries and candidates) and has the highest gap between the general and the youth interest in politics. Therefore, this article analyzes what are the reasons for the disinterest in politics of the youth in Lithuania.</p> <p>Contemporary theories and empirical researches suggest rather different answers to the question. In particular, it is said that youths’ interest in politics can be determined by three categories of factors: socioeconomic/sociodemographic (income, wellbeing, education, race and gender), psychological (political efficacy: self-confidence as internal political efficacy and trust in political system as external political efficacy) as well as socializing factors (discussions with family and friends, media, volunteering).</p> <p>In order to find why Lithuania has such a high level of youth disinterest in politics, the analysis is performed on an individual level. Logistic regression analysis shows that the most relevant determinants for the youth interest in politics in Lithuania are a greater usage of media, accompanied with more frequent discussions with family and friends, a higher trust in the parliament as well as a higher level of education. Yet, the greatest determinant of whether a young person will be interested in politics are the elections; i.e., data from the year 2016 signalizes a much greater youth interest in politics compared to the 2012, thus inviting to analyze more deeply the existing differences between the two elections.</p> <p>To check if the variables had proved significant on the individual level, bore any semblance on the country level and explained the exception of Lithuania, an aggregate analysis was conducted. Correlations were found between the level of youth disinterest in politics and income per capita, trust in the national government, discussions with friends and the usage of media. Lithuania, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia appear to be in one group based on most of the analyzed criteria. Though altogether these factors seem to be pretty good determinants, the Lithuanian case is, however, not fully explained by them – a regression model is unable to predict almost one fifth of the young people that are disinterested in politics in Lithuania. Thus, the usual suspects do not explain this phenomenon fully, and particular countries should be explored more deeply.</p> Aušrinė Diržinskaitė ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-12-07 2018-12-07 93 1 3 28 10.15388/Polit.2018.92.1