Problemos http://www.journals.vu.lt/problemos <p>A peer-reviewed journal of philosophy founded in 1968 that publishes research articles, book reviews and an academic chronicle. Indexed in the Scopus database from 2002 and in the Web of Science database from 2005.</p> Vilniaus universiteto leidykla / Vilnius University Press lt-LT Problemos 1392-1126 <p>Please read the Copyright Notice in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/problemos/journalpolicy">Journal Policy</a>.&nbsp;</p> Artifacts, Visual Modeling and Constructionism: To Look More Closely, to Watch What Happens http://www.journals.vu.lt/problemos/article/view/12345 <p>[full article, abstract in English; abstract in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Constructionists operationalize a powerful notion they share with constructivists: individual learning is facilitated by building models of specific ideas, concepts, methods, objects, environments, feelings, dreams, memories and sounds using the learner’s current stock of knowledge. Constructionists do this by building models or artifacts that can be externally manipulated, interrogated by their builder, and verbally shared with others. Constructionists believe that new knowledge is created during these discussions. Constructionism is rich with heuristic methods for both finding and constructing artifacts and for discussing these artifacts privately and publicly. Constructionists argue that both constructing and discussing are necessary for deep sense-making.</p> <p>This paper describes one specific constructionist learning method: visual modeling. It illustrates one educator’s approach, developed in the classroom over a 40-year period. It references the relevant literature; describes its pedagogic approach, materials and outcomes; and it offers a step-by-step example of one student’s thinking process. Finally, it presents – in appropriate narrative form – 15 arguments why the visual component extends the constructionist project and should be integrated into more educational programs.</p> James E. Clayson ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 8 23 10.15388/Problemos.2018.0.12345 Computational Practices, Educational Theories, and Learning Development http://www.journals.vu.lt/problemos/article/view/12346 <p>[full article, abstract in English; abstract in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Many countries are adopting computing (or informatics) in schools, for pupils from 5 years of age. Educational philosophies (and learning theories) that such curricula might be based on are not clear in curriculum documentation. Many Western countries’ curricula are based on developmental concepts of cognitive constructivism, with activities progressing through sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational stages. Social constructivism and constructionism add new dimensions to this learning framework, both fundamentally important for developing computing practices. We review selected learning theories, and investigate features that should underpin computing curricula if practices and outcomes are to develop computing practitioner competencies of a software developer.</p> Don Passey Valentina Dagienė Loice Victorine Atieno Wilfried Baumann ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 24 38 10.15388/Problemos.2018.0.12346 Voice, Sound and Noise: Theory and Practice of (Eco)aesthetical Education http://www.journals.vu.lt/problemos/article/view/12348 <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <p>Together with images, sound also has tremendous impact on the perception of the world, and studies devoted to sound in education are still comparably scarce. For that reason, in this paper we attempt to understand why and how does the voice, sound, and especially noise become an object, instrument and an environment of education. The ideas proposed by critical pedagogy began to be applied in practice toward voice discourse analysis a few decades ago. Meanwhile the concepts and ideas of postmodern and posthumanist philosophy and their followers in the educational philosophy are neither simple nor easily applicable to sound and to noise as unpleasant sound. Nevertheless, new projects of sound in educational practice are being tested and implemented, in many cases still in connection with the approach of critical pedagogy to voice discourse. Despite different epistemological and ontological views on education in critical pedagogy and postmodernism, and although their link lacks justification and seems doubtful, the experiments presented in the article are innovative, rather successful and useful for the development of (eco)aesthetical education.</p> Lilija Duoblienė ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 39 51 10.15388/Problemos.2018.0.12348 About Ozolas, Philosophy Departments, about those Times. Bronislovas Genzelis interviewed by Algimantas Jankauskas http://www.journals.vu.lt/problemos/article/view/12349 <p>[text in Lithuanian]<br>Bronislovas Genzelis interviewed by Algimantas Jankauskas.&nbsp;<br>Vilnius, March 3, 2018.<br>Document: audiorecord (53 min.), privat collection of A. Jankauskas.&nbsp;<br>Transcription: Lukas Strelnikovas.</p> Algimantas Jankauskas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 52 55 10.15388/Problemos.2018.0.12349 Courage – That’s What Was Needed. Romualdas Ozolas interviewed by Valdemaras Klumbys http://www.journals.vu.lt/problemos/article/view/12350 <p>[tekstas lietuvių kalba]</p> <p>Romualdas Ozolas interviewed by Valdemaras Klumbys. <br>Vilnius, July 8, 2002.<br>Editing and Commentaries by Valdemaras Klumbys.<br>Document: audiorecord (57 min.), privat collection of V. Klumbys.</p> Valdemaras Klumbys ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 56 67 10.15388/Problemos.2018.0.12350 The World is Here. Romualdas Ozolas interviewed by Algimantas Jankauskas and Jūratė Kavaliauskaitė http://www.journals.vu.lt/problemos/article/view/12351 <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Romualdas Ozolas interviewed by Algimantas Jankauskas and Jūratė Kavaliauskaitė. <br>Vilnius, May 26, 2011.<br>Document: audiorecord (92 min.), privat collection of A. Jankauskas.</p> Algimantas Jankauskas Jūratė Kavaliauskaitė ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 68 78 10.15388/Problemos.2018.0.12351 Philosophical Publishing: Trying and Pushing the Boundaries. Antanas Rybelis interviewed by Aurimas Šukys http://www.journals.vu.lt/problemos/article/view/12352 <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Antanas Rybelis interviewed by Aurimas Šukys.<br>Vilnius, March 20, 2009.<br>Document: audiorecord (92 min.), privat collection of A. Šukys.<br>Excerpt from the interview. Authorised by A. Rybelis (November 2018).</p> Aurimas Šukys ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 79 87 10.15388/Problemos.2018.0.12352 You Get Adjusted. Though the Tension Prevailed http://www.journals.vu.lt/problemos/article/view/12353 <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Ipolitas Ledas interviewed by Valdemaras Klumbys. <br>Vilnius, October 1, 2002.<br>Editing and Commentaries by Valdemaras Klumbys.<br>Document: audiorecord (160 min.), privat collection of V. Klumbys.</p> Valdemaras Klumbys ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 88 105 10.15388/Problemos.2018.0.12353 Writing the History of the Philosophy Department of Vilnius University http://www.journals.vu.lt/problemos/article/view/12354 <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Review of:<br>Kalenda, Č., 2018. Profesorius Eugenijus Meškauskas: asmenybė ir veikla. [Professor Eugenijus Meškauskas: Personality and Deeds, in Lithuanian], Vilnius: Margi raštai. –132 p. [4] iliustr. lap. –<br>Summary in English. – Tiražas [150] egz. – ISBN 978-9986-09-486-9.</p> Albinas Plėšnys ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 106 108 10.15388/Problemos.2018.0.12354 Phenomenological Reading of Vasily Sesemann’s Philosophy http://www.journals.vu.lt/problemos/article/view/12355 <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Review of:<br>Dalius Jonkus. Vosyliaus Sezemano filosofija: savęs pažinimo ir estetinės patirties fenomenologija. [Philosophy of Vasily Sesemann: Phenomenology of Self-Awareness and Aestetic Experience], in Lithuanian. Kaunas: Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, Versus Aureus. Summary in English. -- 192 p. ISBN 9786094671869</p> Mintautas Gutauskas ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 109 112 10.15388/Problemos.2018.0.12355