Problemos <p>A peer-reviewed journal of philosophy founded in 1968 that publishes research articles, book reviews and an academic chronicle. Indexed in the Scopus database from 2002 and in the Web of Science database from 2005.</p> lt-LT <p>Please read the Copyright Notice in&nbsp;<a href="">Journal Policy</a>.&nbsp;</p> (Nijolė Radavičienė) (Vigintas Stancelis) Fri, 28 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 60 Author Guidelines and Bibliographic Data <p>[text in english and Lithuanian]</p> ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 22 Jan 2019 14:43:42 +0200 Editorial Board and Table of Contents <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 15 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Artifacts, Visual Modeling and Constructionism: To Look More Closely, to Watch What Happens <p>[full article, abstract in English; abstract in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Constructionists operationalize a powerful notion they share with constructivists: individual learning is facilitated by building models of specific ideas, concepts, methods, objects, environments, feelings, dreams, memories and sounds using the learner’s current stock of knowledge. Constructionists do this by building models or artifacts that can be externally manipulated, interrogated by their builder, and verbally shared with others. Constructionists believe that new knowledge is created during these discussions. Constructionism is rich with heuristic methods for both finding and constructing artifacts and for discussing these artifacts privately and publicly. Constructionists argue that both constructing and discussing are necessary for deep sense-making.</p> <p>This paper describes one specific constructionist learning method: visual modeling. It illustrates one educator’s approach, developed in the classroom over a 40-year period. It references the relevant literature; describes its pedagogic approach, materials and outcomes; and it offers a step-by-step example of one student’s thinking process. Finally, it presents – in appropriate narrative form – 15 arguments why the visual component extends the constructionist project and should be integrated into more educational programs.</p> James E. Clayson ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Computational Practices, Educational Theories, and Learning Development <p>[full article, abstract in English; abstract in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Many countries are adopting computing (or informatics) in schools, for pupils from 5 years of age. Educational philosophies (and learning theories) that such curricula might be based on are not clear in curriculum documentation. Many Western countries’ curricula are based on developmental concepts of cognitive constructivism, with activities progressing through sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational stages. Social constructivism and constructionism add new dimensions to this learning framework, both fundamentally important for developing computing practices. We review selected learning theories, and investigate features that should underpin computing curricula if practices and outcomes are to develop computing practitioner competencies of a software developer.</p> Don Passey, Valentina Dagienė, Loice Victorine Atieno, Wilfried Baumann ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Voice, Sound and Noise: Theory and Practice of (Eco)aesthetical Education <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <p>Together with images, sound also has tremendous impact on the perception of the world, and studies devoted to sound in education are still comparably scarce. For that reason, in this paper we attempt to understand why and how does the voice, sound, and especially noise become an object, instrument and an environment of education. The ideas proposed by critical pedagogy began to be applied in practice toward voice discourse analysis a few decades ago. Meanwhile the concepts and ideas of postmodern and posthumanist philosophy and their followers in the educational philosophy are neither simple nor easily applicable to sound and to noise as unpleasant sound. Nevertheless, new projects of sound in educational practice are being tested and implemented, in many cases still in connection with the approach of critical pedagogy to voice discourse. Despite different epistemological and ontological views on education in critical pedagogy and postmodernism, and although their link lacks justification and seems doubtful, the experiments presented in the article are innovative, rather successful and useful for the development of (eco)aesthetical education.</p> Lilija Duoblienė ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 About Ozolas, Philosophy Departments, about those Times. Bronislovas Genzelis interviewed by Algimantas Jankauskas <p>[text in Lithuanian]<br>Bronislovas Genzelis interviewed by Algimantas Jankauskas.&nbsp;<br>Vilnius, March 3, 2018.<br>Document: audiorecord (53 min.), privat collection of A. Jankauskas.&nbsp;<br>Transcription: Lukas Strelnikovas.</p> Algimantas Jankauskas ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Courage – That’s What Was Needed. Romualdas Ozolas interviewed by Valdemaras Klumbys <p>[tekstas lietuvių kalba]</p> <p>Romualdas Ozolas interviewed by Valdemaras Klumbys. <br>Vilnius, July 8, 2002.<br>Editing and Commentaries by Valdemaras Klumbys.<br>Document: audiorecord (57 min.), privat collection of V. Klumbys.</p> Valdemaras Klumbys ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 The World is Here. Romualdas Ozolas interviewed by Algimantas Jankauskas and Jūratė Kavaliauskaitė <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Romualdas Ozolas interviewed by Algimantas Jankauskas and Jūratė Kavaliauskaitė. <br>Vilnius, May 26, 2011.<br>Document: audiorecord (92 min.), privat collection of A. Jankauskas.</p> Algimantas Jankauskas, Jūratė Kavaliauskaitė ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Philosophical Publishing: Trying and Pushing the Boundaries. Antanas Rybelis interviewed by Aurimas Šukys <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Antanas Rybelis interviewed by Aurimas Šukys.<br>Vilnius, March 20, 2009.<br>Document: audiorecord (92 min.), privat collection of A. Šukys.<br>Excerpt from the interview. Authorised by A. Rybelis (November 2018).</p> Aurimas Šukys ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200 You Get Adjusted. Though the Tension Prevailed <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> <p>Ipolitas Ledas interviewed by Valdemaras Klumbys. <br>Vilnius, October 1, 2002.<br>Editing and Commentaries by Valdemaras Klumbys.<br>Document: audiorecord (160 min.), privat collection of V. Klumbys.</p> Valdemaras Klumbys ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0200