SOCIAL NETWORK SIZE, PERSONALITY AND WELL-BEING IN PRERETIREMENT AND RETIREMENT

Vytautas Jurkuvėnas, Olga Zamalijeva, Vilmantė Pakalniškienė, Antanas Kairys, Albinas Bagdonas

Abstract


Focus on the well-being of retired adults, as well as people approaching retirement, has been growing in the psychological domain. Although well-being is an import aspect of life in any age, adults in preretirement and retirement face unique challenges. The impact of retirement on a person’s well-being may vary depending on many factors. The general aim of this study was to investigate the links that well-being has with social network size and personality in preretirement and retirement. Overall, 788 adults participated in this study. Participants were divided into two groups: younger than statutory retirement age (N = 368, M age = 55.56, SD = 3.68) and older than statutory retirement age (N = 420, M age = 72.25, SD = 7.42) individuals. The sample represents the composition of Lithuanian population over 50 years old. Participants completed a questionnaire including questions about their gender, age, education, retirement, social network size (Social network size questionnaire), personality (NEO five-factor inventory (NEO-FFI)) and well-being (The Lithuanian Well-Being Scale for adults (LPGS-S)). Results show that being fully retired and with neuroticism negatively relates to well-being. On the other hand, higher level of education, not being fully retired from work, extraversion, openness to experiences, agreeableness, conscientiousness and social network size positively relates to well-being. Personality traits that were most predictive of well-being were those that compared to demographic factors and social network size. Furthermore, for preretired individuals, the relationship between social network size and well-being was nonsignificant. In contrast, although small but significant differences were observed in the fully-retired, older adults group. Overall, the findings of this study show the importance of personality traits, social network size and retirement from work in older age.


Keywords


Social network size, personality traits, well-being, retirement

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15388/Psichol.2017.55.10733