Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas 2019-05-24T14:30:41+03:00 Liutauras Kraniauskas Open Journal Systems <p>Founded in 1997. Publishes articles on the critical study of contemporary social and cultural change – including the shifting status of sociology itself –&nbsp;from a variety of perspectives.</p> Editorial Board and Table of Contents 2019-05-24T14:30:41+03:00 Liutauras Kraniauskas 2018-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Author Guidelines and Bibliographic Data 2019-05-24T14:30:40+03:00 Liutauras Kraniauskas 2018-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## On the Attempt to Unlock the Black Boxes of Science (2) 2019-05-24T14:30:40+03:00 Arūnas Poviliūnas Antanas Voznikaitis Lina Mačiulė Monika Juknienė Elena Sinkevičiūtė Rima Žilinskaitė <p>This article further develops the ideas expressed in our previous publication&nbsp;–&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">On the Attempt to Unlock the Black Boxes of Science (1)&nbsp;</em>– and presents a sociological experiment that aims to break the conventional routine of the research activities of both sociology and life sciences. The article consists of two parts. The first part discusses the concept of “the new scientific spirit,” elaborated by French scientist and philosopher G.&nbsp;Bachelard, and introduces H. White’s theory of tropes, which provides a novel interpretative framework for “the new scientific spirit.” The second part of this article describes a didactic experiment comprised of two discussion groups with PhD students working in the field of life sciences. The first discussion group attempted to realize the principles of the sociology of the social, whereas the second one attempted to break the limits of the sociology of the social and to induce an epistemological rupture in order to realize the principles of the sociology of translation in the second discussion. This article also includes the authors’ reflections regarding the formation of their own sociological&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">habitus</em>.</p> 2018-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Operationalization of Ernesto Laclau’s Theory of Populism: Case of the Political Party “The Way of Courage” 2019-05-24T14:30:39+03:00 Karolis Jonutis <p>This article aims to explain the rise of the Lithuanian political party “The Way of Courage” using Ernesto Laclau’s discourse theory of populism, in which populism is understood as a logic of collective identity formation. The advantages of this theoretical approach are revealed by comparing it with other tendencies of conceptualizing populism. In addition, this article is an attempt to solve the main disadvantage of E. Laclau’s theory&nbsp;– its high level of abstractness, understood as an obstacle for operationalization. Therefore, various possibilities of combining E.&nbsp;Laclau’s theory with other methodological perspectives are discussed, and a new research model is suggested, which is later applied in the discourse analysis of the political party “The Way of Courage.”</p> 2018-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Concept of “Internal Colonization” and Its Application in a Comparative Analysis of (Post)Soviet States 2019-05-24T14:30:39+03:00 Rasa Čepaitienė <p>This article discusses a direction of sociocultural studies&nbsp;– the&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">cultural history of natural resources</em>&nbsp;– and the possibilities of its application in examining the causes of inequality and social exclusion in post-Soviet Lithuania. This theoretical-methodological approach assumes a strong interdependence shared between the extraction of natural resources, a state’s political system and institutions as well as certain sociocultural provisions. In exploring the concept of “internal colonization,” developed by historian of culture Alexander Etkind and other authors, this article sets guidelines for a comparative analysis of the sociopolitical structure of post-Soviet countries (especially Russia and Lithuania). Some initial hypotheses regarding the trends, differences, and similarities of post-Soviet societies in the long historical perspective, from the 16th century up to our time, are presented for further analysis. This article concludes that this methodological approach could be sufficiently promising in explaining the specifics of the socioeconomic development of independent Lithuania, in particular by applying the hypothesis of a “secondary internal colonization,” which has been raised during the course of the investigation.</p> 2018-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Triumph of Large-Scale Agriculture and Its Socioeconomic Impact 2019-05-24T14:30:38+03:00 András Schlett Judit Beke <p>Large-scale farming that utilizes industrial methods to intensify production is becoming more significant worldwide. This study explores this phenomenon and sheds light on its consequences. Contingency factors serve as key drivers when determining the advantages and disadvantages of both large-scale and small-scale farming. Significant shifts in agro-production methods have fundamentally altered ownership and production structures in agriculture and had a disastrous impact on the livelihoods of people living in rural areas.</p> 2018-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Transformation of the Concept of an Urban Ecosystem: Classical and Modern Urban Ecology 2019-05-24T14:30:38+03:00 Darius Žiemelis <p>Contemporary trends in urban development indicate that its processes rarely observe ecocentric perspectives, under which nature is considered as a value. This concept is represented by modern urban ecology. Meanwhile, the urban ecosystem, as a concept of a human system, is represented by classical urban ecology. The existence of different urban ecosystem concepts encourages a closer look at not only the differences between these concepts but also the circumstances that have led to this transformation process. The aim of this article is to analyze the concepts of an urban ecosystem in classical and modern urban ecology, focusing not only on the explication of the content of the concepts of urban ecosystem, but also on the social, cultural and economic conditions of the emergence of different concepts. This article reveals that the separation of urban ecosystem concepts was determined by the different sociocultural environment in which classical urban ecology and contemporary urban ecology have emerged. From the point of view of modern urban ecology, in order to explain the reasons for the emergence of global urban development problems and to search for solutions to them, the conceptual legacy of classical urban ecology, due to its anthropocentric orientation, not only cannot be of use anymore but also hinders in this search&nbsp;– that is, instead of solving problems, it makes them even worse.</p> 2018-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Time-Space and Identity Discourse of a City – or How to Appropriate Klaipėda? 2019-05-24T14:30:37+03:00 Tomas Kiauka <p>In this article, two different models of Klaipėda city’s time-space appropriation are analyzed and compared by applying the phenomenological concept of “depth of time,” coined by philosopher A. Mickūnas. One is represented by a scientific-methodological discourse, examining the poetic and philosophical/publicist interpretations of the narrated city of Klaipėda; the second model includes and analyzes poetic essays on Klaipėda, which convey the artistic-aesthetic (re)presentation of the city’s time-space. This comparison allows one to draw a conclusion that artistic narration, arising from an immediate experience of the city’s time-space, appears to be a more effective form of appropriation, for it makes possible an authentic integration of different time-space dimensions, divided (and contrapositioned) by historic turning-points. Because it contains a kind of developed subjectivity, artistic narration, contrary to an approach based on academic discourse, it also has no claims to some “privileged” knowledge of the city and as such contributes to the plurality of the construction of the city’s identities.</p> 2018-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## European Social Survey: 10 Years in Lithuania 2019-05-24T14:30:36+03:00 Giedrius Žvaliauskas <p>A short review of the European Social Survey (ESS) and its 8th wave module on welfare attitudes. The review presents a detailed description of the variables used in the ESS questionnaire in a 2017 survey conducted in Lithuania and links to its results.</p> 2018-12-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Editorial Board and Table of Contents 2019-04-11T19:27:20+03:00 Sociologija T. 42 <div>[text in Lithuanian]</div> 2018-11-26T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##