Sociology. Thought and Action http://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas <p>Founded in 1997. Publishes articles on the critical study of contemporary social and cultural change – including the shifting status of sociology itself – from a variety of perspectives.</p> Vilniaus universiteto leidykla / Vilnius University Press lt-LT Sociology. Thought and Action 1392-3358 <p>Please read the Copyright Notice in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/journalpolicy">Journal Policy</a>.&nbsp;</p> Editorial Board and Table of Contents http://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/12165 <div>[text in Lithuanian]</div> Sociologija T. 42 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 42 1 1 4 The Culture of Memory and the Genesis of the Political In Delphic Theology http://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/12166 <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <div> <p>This article discusses the genesis of the political by treating this phenomena as a distinctive interaction between political and religious factors. The chirographic culture of memory, which is more characteristic of the Eastern nations, is being compared with the alternative culture of Ancient Greece, the so-called oroacoustic culture of memory. This article also examines the peculiarities of the political consciousness and religious mentality of Ancient Greece. The assumptions of legitimacy are considered as well, which are related to an identity crisis and a war between generations reflected, in theology, by the traditional world of the Fathers (Olympic) and the marginal world of the Sons (Delphic).</p> </div> Raimondas Kazlauskas ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 42 1 5 44 Structure and Agency in Discourse Analysis http://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/12167 <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <div> <p>Discourse analysis in Lithuania, despite being a popular research strategy, lacks clarity and precision in methodological choices. It is quite common to use Foucault’s approach while discussing discourse, but it leads to an overemphasis on structure and ignores agency. However, there is no issue if this position is reflected. That is why it is important to understand the variety of the possible positions in the dialectics of structure-agency within discourse analysis. They are summarized here within a continuum that rests between an emphasis on structure and an emphasis on agency, and which is divided as follows: (1) being concerned exclusively with the structure of discourse without any attention to the agent; (2) being concerned with discourse structure as something that lies “beyond,” where agents are more or less seen as the passive carriers of a discursive order with almost no possibility of agency; (3) the discourse and agent being seen as taking part in a balanced dialectical relationship, influencing each other; (4) the agent being seen as dependent on structure to some extent, but also as the one with the power or the one who should be empowered; (5) the center of an analysis being the practices of the actors, not the discourse in particular. This classification explains the specific epistemological and methodological strategies based in specific areas of the social sciences and the humanities. When reflected, these strategies help to understand what position on the role of agency is taken in a particular discourse analysis.</p> </div> Agnė Girkontaitė ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 42 1 45 72 The Female Habitus in the Field Of Bodybuilding and Body Fitness: Gender and Symbolic Domination http://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/12168 <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <div> <p>Based on P. Bourdieu’s concepts of habitus, field and masculine domination, the main objective of this article is to reconstruct the social boundaries of women’s weightlifting and the operating principles of the woman’s habitus within the field of bodybuilding. It is argued that women’s body fitness and women’s bodybuilding are inevitably related to power and gender. An analysis of qualitative, semi-structured interviews with four female athletes (of whom two are female fitness athletes and two others are former female bodybuilders) provides answers to the main research question: what embodied social regulations enable (or restrict) the access of women to an athletic discipline if it is traditionally defined in terms of masculinity? It is further argued that two main criteria arise and take effect in the field of weightlifting: besides the necessity to follow a strict regime and maintain the body in proper shape, a no less important social rule is to embody a socially acceptable form of femininity. The concept of a “synchronized body” is suggested in order to explain the everyday effort to keep the athletic body in between the ever insufficient femininity and the excessive masculinity. Finally, in terms of their bodies, women athletes practice specific strategies in order to suppress the identity conflict between their athletic and “normal,” mundane lives.</p> </div> Mažvydas Karalius ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 42 1 73 101 Nonmonogamy: Changing Intimacy and Sociological Research http://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/12169 <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <div> <p>This article discusses the concepts of monogamy, nonmonogamy and consensual nonmonogamy (swinging, polyamory and open relationships). The cultural forces questioning the perspectives of the normativity of monogamy are similarly being argued. In addition, issues regarding the mono-normative position of monogamy, its legitimacy and relationship with the concepts of monogamy and nonmonogamy are also explored.</p> </div> Darja Lyzenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 42 1 102 124 Unmasking Aggression in the Works of Oskaras Koršunovas and Lars Von Trier http://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/12170 <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <div> <p>This article explores issues related to how social roles, when imposed, become oppressive to on an individual, and how consciously chosen roles become “more true” than the reality itself and advance the investigation of human nature. The text consists of three parts. In the first part, we discuss dramaturgical theory as well as the psychosocial and artistic experiments about the social power of enacted social roles. The second part is an analysis of a trilogy directed by Lithuanian theatre director Oskaras Koršunovas – Hamlet, The Lower Depths and The Seagull. It is followed by an examination of the trilogy of Danish cinema director Lars von Trier – Antichrist, Melancholia and Nymphomaniac. Both trilogies embrace certain common dichotomies: truth vs. lie; individual responsibility vs. collective conformism; freedom vs. oppression; life vs. death; openness vs. hypocrisy; reality vs. fiction; deep play vs. superficial theatricality. The analyzed works of art, combined with the psychosocial experiments, reveal that realistic play (experimentation) can help to grasp shocking data about human behavior that would be extremely difficult to obtain without dramaturgical acting.</p> </div> Salomėja Zaksaitė ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 42 1 125 145 Let the Lights Burn Forever: Sociological View on Energy Security in Lithuania http://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/12171 <div> <p>[text in Lithuanian]</p> </div> Zenonas Norkus ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 42 1 146 150 Author Guidelines and Bibliographic Data http://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/12172 <div>[text in Lithuanian]</div> Sociologija T. 42 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 42 1 151 153 The Culture of Memory and the Genesis of the Political In Delphic Theology http://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/12159 <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <p>This article discusses the genesis of the political by treating this phenomena as a distinctive interaction between political and religious factors. The chirographic culture of memory, which is more characteristic of the Eastern nations, is being compared with the alternative culture of Ancient Greece, the so-called oroacoustic culture of memory. This article also examines the peculiarities of the political consciousness and religious mentality of Ancient Greece. The assumptions of legitimacy are considered as well, which are related to an identity crisis and a war between generations reflected, in theology, by the traditional world of the Fathers (Olympic) and the marginal world of the Sons (Delphic).</p> Raimondas Kazlauskas ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-11-23 2018-11-23 42 1 5 44 10.15388/SocMintVei.2018.1.12022 Structure and Agency in Discourse Analysis http://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/12160 <p>[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]</p> <p>Discourse analysis in Lithuania, despite being a popular research strategy, lacks clarity and precision in methodological choices. It is quite common to use Foucault’s approach while discussing discourse, but it leads to an overemphasis on structure and ignores agency. However, there is no issue if this position is reflected. That is why it is important to understand the variety of the possible positions in the dialectics of structure-agency within discourse analysis. They are summarized here within a continuum that rests between an emphasis on structure and an emphasis on agency, and which is divided as follows: (1) being concerned exclusively with the structure of discourse without any attention to the agent; (2) being concerned with discourse structure as something that lies “beyond,” where agents are more or less seen as the passive carriers of a discursive order with almost no possibility of agency; (3) the discourse and agent being seen as taking part in a balanced dialectical relationship, influencing each other; (4) the agent being seen as dependent on structure to some extent, but also as the one with the power or the one who should be empowered; (5) the center of an analysis being the practices of the actors, not the discourse in particular. This classification explains the specific epistemological and methodological strategies based in specific areas of the social sciences and the humanities. When reflected, these strategies help to understand what position on the role of agency is taken in a particular discourse analysis.</p> Agnė Girkontaitė ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-11-23 2018-11-23 42 1 45 72 10.15388/SocMintVei.2018.1.12023