Colloquia <p><em>Colloquia</em> is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal published by the Institute of Lithuanian Literature and Folklore. The mission of the journal is to disseminate research into twentieth- and twenty-first-century literary scholarship, theoretical works, and interdisciplinary literary studies in Lithuania and Eastern Central European region.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US (Gitana Vanagaitė) (Vigintas Stancelis) Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Editorial Board and Table of Contents <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Foreword <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Gitana Vanagaitė Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Gastro-Poetics in Lithuanian Yiddish Literature of the Interwar Period: The Early Work of Moyshe Kulbak (1896-1937) <p>For almost a hundred years, literary critics and scholars have been trying to reach the depths of Moses Kulbak’s work and find the most appropriate keys to interpreting his sophisticated and puzzling works. This article is an attempt to approach author’s work by focusing on seemingly less important details and reconstructing their relational network. The depiction of eating scenes, meals (including ruined and imagined ones), as well as food and drink have been chosen as focus point. Such strategy, emphasizing body in the humanities, allows to draw attention to other key issues, such as the relationship between body and soul, nourishment and intellect, intellect and faith, etc. The article deals with the first decade Kulbak’s work and examines less discussed sources of inspiration of the great Yiddish poet and prose writer. Using metric and semantic analysis, the place and role of eating habits, meal scenes and spectacular food representations in Kulbak’s poetic universe are explained and reconstructed. Food metaphors help uncover hidden interconnections, and although they often play only a connotative role, they are still powerful means for expressing the author’s message, while simultaneously concealing it.</p> Iveta Leitane Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Music in the Works of Ignas Šeinius: A Few Chords <p>In this article, the author focuses on the expression of music in the early texts of Lithuanian prose innovator Ignas Jurkūnas Šeinius (1889–1959). Starting with Werner Wolf’s typology of the relations between words and music, and incorporating insights from other scholars (Lars Elleström, Siglind Bruhn, Vytautas Kubilius, Irina Melnikova, etc.), the article discusses the different forms of music and the meanings they produce in Šeinius’ novel Kuprelis (1913, 1932), in one segment of his short story “Vasaros vaišės” [Summer Feast, 1914], and in the novella “Marių daina” [The Song of the Lagoon, 1914].</p> <p>The analysis has shown that in the novel Kuprelis, music expression explicates the experiences of the main characters, their self-perception and relationship to other characters, becoming a symbol of love, and pointing to and predicting important moments in the story. In the analyzed passage from the short story “Summer Feast,” one can notice a parallel with the musical form of fugue, which creates the impression of multiple motifs sounding and being perceived at the same time, and which emphasizes the aspect of the existential climax that is being developed by the narrative. Combining music, literature and painting, the novella “The Song of the Lagoon” echoes the synthesis of these arts captured in Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis’s pictorial sonata “Jūra” [The Sea].” The ekphrastic nature of the novella invites the reader to see the figures from the paintings reproduced using words, and to hear the musical motifs that accompany them.</p> Giedrė Ivanova Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 An Attempt to Reconstruct the Generation of Žemininkai: Benediktas Labėnas <p>Benediktas Labenskas-Labėnas (1919–1949), a little-known literary figure from the Žemininkai generation, was a soldier and partisan, who died in the early post-war guerrilla warfare. The article presents a part of his work written in gymnasium, in military school and on the Eastern Front. It traces author’s evolution, discusses the relationship of his works to literary tradition, and highlights the distinctive nature of his themes and style. The research employs a hermeneutical approach, the perspective of the history of literature, and the socio-cultural aspect, which enable to identify the ideological and cultural reverberations of a specific historical time and their influence in the works of the young author. Labėnas’s oeuvre grows out of the neo-romantic tradition of 20th-century Lithuanian literature, the songs of volunteers and soldiers’ marching, as well as Christian culture. It takes root in social, psychological, and impressionistic prose. Labėnas’s work is characterized by a sense of harmony between the world and a human being, the imperative of the task of life, an ethical approach, and literary sense of genre and style that became increasingly pronounced with the time.<br>On the one hand, Labėnas’s work has very little in common with the creative engagement of his generation, such as the inclination to existential questions and modern poetic language. On the other hand, his works are associated with a strong connection with the earth and reflection on that connection.</p> Rita Tūtlytė Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Death of a Poet. Epitaphs and Dedications to Vytautas Mačernis <p>The author of the article examines the corpus of dedications to the poet Vytautas Mačernis, written by poets who lived in Soviet and post-Soviet Lithuania after 1966. The group of epitexts (epitaphs, dedications, and literary letters), scattered in collections of poems and periodicals and united by genre, is analyzed as a series of artefacts confirming the status of Mačernis as a literary classic and revealing the reception of the poet in the community of writers and in the cultural memory of the nation. The formation of Mačernis’s image and the legend about him was influenced by his early death. In turn, it led to a mystification of the poet’s figure and to the attribution to him of almost supernatural powers of a prophet and guardian of the nation. The most significant texts dedicated to Mačernis highlight the gradual stages of poet’s establishment as the youngest poet in the canon of Lithuanian literature and the prevailing, almost fixed trend of romanticizing him and presenting his destiny in an exotic way. The poetic forms of the dedications and the intertextual connections testify to the fact that Mačernis’s works have been recognized as an essential part of the canon.</p> Gintarė Bernotienė Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Mythic Structure of Olga Tokarczuk’s Novel Flights <p>Olga Tokarczuk’s Flights consists of fragments of different genres which narrate different stories. Although literary scholars have stressed the unusual nature of novel’s structure, the question of what it means remains unanswered. The aim of this article is to reveal the novel’s semantic universe and to examine how the sections that tell different stories relate to each other.<br>The article reveals the system of values, based on the framework of static vs. dynamic, linking the characters in the novel. Using the concept of the modern pilgrimage, the author of the article answers the question of how the opposing values are matched. In accomplishing it, the attention is paid not only to the content but also to the dimension of expression, i.e. how the work is constructed. The conclusion has been drawn that the narrative episodes are linked to the principle of metonymy, i.e. the relationship between the part and the whole, described by Roman Jakobson. In Tokarczuk’s novel, different stories are juxtaposed or contrasted with each other, depending on the recurring inter- and intra-corporeal connections. Lévi-Strauss’s notion of myth allowed the author to observe that the narratives in the novel resemble fragments of myth, and that Flights functions as a contemporary myth, where the structure encodes the issue of man’s relationship to others and themselves and the pain that results from it.</p> Izabelė Skikaitė Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Jonas Aistis’ and Sigitas Geda’s Notion of Open Cultural Identity: Between Universality and National Self-Preservation <p>In this article, author uses the theory of intertextuality to examine how the works of two Lithuanian poets, Jonas Aistis and Sigitas Geda, revised Western literary works during the Soviet era and what kind of European identity they conveyed by creating intertextual connections. Both poets during the Cold War looked for the ways to make vital links with Western literature and to continue to reflect on the relationship between Europeanness and Lithuanianness that had taken place in Lithuania before World War II. Aistis turned to the classical era that was popular in the interwar period, especially the myths of Medea, Orpheus and Eurydice, and the works of Edgar Allan Poe. Using intertexts, he reflected on the ideas of double homelessness (love for the lost Lithuania and Europe), post-catastrophic identity, and the painful disappointment with the diminished impact of his poetry. The ideas of national and European identity as a synthesis of the West and the East reflected in the works by Stasys Šalkauskis and Adomas Mickevičius, as well as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s vision of the universality of world literature, were important in Geda’s poetry. They were significant in creating authentic intertextual links with the works of Western literature (such as Ovid, Homer, Rainer Maria Rilke and Georg Trakl), in order to preserve the complex historical European experience and to provoke readers’ self-consciousness in opposing the repressive Soviet regime.</p> Karolina Bagdonė Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 About War <p>-</p> Marijus Šidlauskas Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 „In My Youth, It Seemed Pretentious to Call Myself a Writer“ <p>Saulius Vasiliauskas Interviews the Prose Writer Raimondas Kašauskas</p> Raimondas Kašauskas | Saulius Vasiliauskas Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Intelligentsia in a Political Epoch <p>Valdemaras Klumbys, Stovėję po medžiu: lietuvių inteligentijos elgesio strategijos sovietmečiu, Lietuvos istorijos institutas, Vilnius, MMXXI, 376 p., ISBN 978-609-8183-97-9</p> Jūratė Sprindytė Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Monument to a Great Personality <p>Profesorius Juozas Girdzijauskas. Atsiminimai, laiškai, pokalbiai, iš archyvų / sudarytojas Eugenijus Žmuida, Vilnius: Lietuvių literatūros ir tautosakos institutas, 2020, 607 p., ISBN 978-609-425-290-7</p> Petras Bražėnas Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Authors Gitana Vanagaitė Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Tue, 19 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000