Information & Media <p style="text-align: left;">Founded in 1994 and dedicated to analysing the issues in the information and knowledge society, knowledge management, organisational communication management, culture studies, media and new media, international and intercultural communication, and science research. Indexed in the <em>Scopus</em> (Q3) database since 2018.</p> Vilniaus universiteto leidykla / Vilnius University Press en-US Information & Media 2783-6207 <p>Please read the Copyright Notice in&nbsp;<a href="">Journal Policy</a>.&nbsp;</p> Threats to the Process of Receiving Political News from Echo Chambers and Filter Bubbles on Social Media <p>The intensified selective exposure of political news on social media, personalization of the news receiving process, and emerging new information phenomena, such as filter bubbles and echo chambers, call for a rethink of the role of new digital media in a democratic society. This article analyzes the possible influence of new information phenomena on social media - information wells and filter bubbles - in receiving political news. The mechanisms and conditions of the formation of echo chambers and filter bubbles in social media are discussed in detail, and results of research conducted to date proving these phenomena are briefly presented. The article examines the possibilities of disseminating political news on social media and the restrictions on accessing comprehensive political information due to new information phenomena. The problems of political partisans' perception of the news related to these restrictions, their possible extreme actions, and their influence on democratic processes are discussed.</p> Justina Januškevičiūtė Copyright (c) 2022 Justina Januškevičiūtė 2022-06-22 2022-06-22 93 39 52 10.15388/Im.2022.94.64 Novel Technologies as Potential Catalyst for Democratizing Urban Heritage Preservation Practices: The Case of 3D Scanning and AI <p class="ISSN-abst-virsus"><strong>&nbsp;</strong>The conflict between heritage protection and urban infrastructure development rationales creates a context for inclusion, participation and dialogue of different heritage-related communities. However, developed in the pre-computer age of administrative practice, are often incapable, partially or completely, to accommodate the ‘new-era’ community oriented participatory practices.</p> <p class="ISSN-abst-vidus">In this article, authors discuss the mutual effects of IT in the process of democratization of urban heritage preservation. The authors create and argue the conceptual model of distributed ledger technologies (DLT) in participatory UHP. The model demonstrates how technologies can become catalysts for democratization in situations when the regulatory and administrative change (on its own) is too inert. The article hypothesizes that novel technological developments which aim at or have the potential for increasing community involvement and democratization of administrative practice, exert their effects directly through technology-based participatory practices.</p> Rimvydas Laužikas Tadas Žižiūnas Vladislav Fomin Copyright (c) 2022 Rimvydas Laužikas | Tadas Žižiūnas | Vladislav Fomin 2022-06-22 2022-06-22 93 93 115 10.15388/Im.2022.93.64 The Searching Peace through War: The Presentation of Pakistan Govt Talks with Therik Taliban Pakistan in National Press <p>After over two decades of violence, loss of thousands of civilians, displacement of tens of thousands of people, and damages to key infrastructure in Pakistan by Tehrik e Taliban Pakistan (TTP), the central government decided to talk with them in 2014. These peace talks were as vital as their failure could lead inevitably to a longer war. This study is about the coverage given by the Pakistani national press on these peace talks and the military operation followed by it. It is evaluated that how far print media played their role either in initiating peace or instigating war. With this intention, Johan Galtung's theory of Peace Journalism was applied. Analyzing the contents of four elite national English and Urdu dailies the study concluded that the mainstream press portrayed the peace talks with a considerable difference throughout peace talks, which had undermined the government approach of bringing peace. War-oriented coverage of the operation tells that whatever would be the situation media would sensationalize it. Within the news stories, mixed expressions were seen towards both peace and war but the overall coverage remained war-oriented.</p> Lubna Shaheen Muhammad Tarique Copyright (c) 2022 Lubna Shaheen | Muhammad Tarique 2022-05-04 2022-05-04 93 77 92 10.15388/Im.2022.93.63 Functions of Public Libraries in the Context of COVID-19 Pandemic: the Case of Šiauliai Region Libraries <p>Straipsnyje nagrinėjamos viešųjų bibliotekų funkcijos krizinėse situacijose, aktualizuojant COVID-19 pandemijos kontekstą. Mokslinės literatūros analizė atskleidžia, jog COVID-19 pandemijos metu greta viešųjų bibliotekų vykdomų&nbsp;<em>informacijos išteklių ir kultūrinių paslaugų aktualizuotojų</em>&nbsp;(leidinių skolinimas, renginių organizavimas),&nbsp;<em>partnerių</em>&nbsp;(bendradarbiavimas su kitomis organizacijomis) ir<em>&nbsp;vidinių planuotojų</em>&nbsp;(sėkmingas bibliotekų funkcionavimo palaikymas) funkcijų ypač aktualus&nbsp;<em>informacijos skleidėjų&nbsp;</em>(dalijimasis šviečiamąja informacija, kova su infodemija),&nbsp;<em>bendruomenės rėmėjų&nbsp;</em>(bendruomenių, kuriose veikia bibliotekos, narių telkimas ir pagalba jiems) bei&nbsp;<em>edukatorių</em>&nbsp;ir&nbsp;<em>ugdytojų</em>&nbsp;(krizinėje situacijoje reikalingų kompetencijų ugdymas) funkcijų vykdymas. Straipsnyje pateikiami Šiaulių regiono bibliotekose atlikto tyrimo rezultatai, leidžiantys iš empirinės perspektyvos išnagrinėti viešųjų bibliotekų atliktas funkcijas COVID-19 pandemijos kontekste, įvertinti atskirų funkcijų vykdymo situaciją, palyginti šiuos duomenis su užsienio šalių bibliotekose atliktų tyrimų rezultatais bei numatyti galimybes pandemijos metu aktualizuotoms funkcijoms stiprinti. Atliktas tyrimas yra reikšmingas ne tik COVID-19 pandemijos, bet ir kitų krizinių situacijų kontekstuose.</p> Kristina Kulikauskienė Diana Šaparnienė Copyright (c) 2022 Kristina Kulikauskienė | Diana Šaparnienė 2022-05-04 2022-05-04 93 8 38 10.15388/Im.2022.93.62 Cultural Diplomacy of Kosovo after the Declaration of Independence <p><span class="hps">The article analyzes a segment of the cultural diplomacy of non-state actors of Kosovo who have communicated with foreign audiences through the international media in the period after the country’s declaration of independence in 2008.</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">Analyzing the content of media coverage for non-state actors,</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">the article examines the given messages of these actors in some powerful international media,</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">which relate to the possibility of increasing the international image of the new country.</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">The article finds that Kosovar non-state actors have continuously communicated with the global and regional public because it has been impossible for state actors to convey any positive message to the latter.</span>&nbsp;The article, moreover, shows<span class="hps">&nbsp;that Kosovar famous athletes and artists or world champions represent the soft power of Kosovo, because they have found enough space to be exposed in the international media.</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">A significant feature of cultural diplomacy in the case of Kosovo is that the presence of hundreds and thousands of foreign peacekeepers in a country with as much security as other Balkan countries is also seen as an opportunity to influence the country’s international image.</span></p> Hasan Saliu Venera Llunji Copyright (c) 2022 Hasan Saliu | Venera Llunji 2022-03-05 2022-03-05 93 62 76 10.15388/Im.2022.93.61 PR-Message Analysis as a New Method for the Quantitative and Qualitative Communication Campaign Study <p class="ISSN-abst-virsus">Communication practitioners often seek fast quantitative and qualitative analysis of the information campaign outcomes in the media space. Such analysis is required by PR departments of commercial brands, by political technologists, and by experts in information wars and ideology.</p> <p class="ISSN-abst-vidus">A new approach for the analysis of information campaign outcomes is introduced in this paper. Using PR messages as a category for analysis of media coverage of information campaigns provides a framework for credible efficiency evaluation, as well as for the deep analysis of the factors contributing to achievements or failures. This method allows the campaign organizers to understand what message it is better to disseminate in the media. In other words, through the messages of what kind the opinion of the campaign initiator or their opponents is conveyed to the media audience more effectively.</p> <p class="ISSN-abst-vidus">We consider a message to be a judgment in which an object or predicate relates to the substance of the information campaign. Using it as a category for analysis and several types of the message as subcategories of analysis allows us to combine qualitative and quantitative approaches and, at the same time, avoid many restrictions of content analysis, discourse analysis, and narrative analysis.</p> <p class="ISSN-abst-vidus">We show how the method works on the example of the failed information campaign that promoted a lobbyist and populist bill in the Ukrainian parliament. We showed that only our method could explain the reasons for its failure and provide the best way to improve the communication.</p> Artem Zakharchenko Copyright (c) 2022 Artem Zakharchenko 2022-03-05 2022-03-05 93 42 61 10.15388/Im.2022.93.60 Two Narratives about Kosovo’s Political Friends: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Articles in Two Newspapers <p>This article analyzes the portrayal of the USA and NATO as Kosovo’s friends in the Kosovan media discourse. The research will use the Critical Discourse Analysis based on the model by Van Dijk to demonstrate the production and continuity of the friendship discourse in the Kosovan media. Two daily media outlets are analyzed:&nbsp;<em>Koha Ditore</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>Epoka e Re</em>, focusing on the strategies used to construct the image of Kosovo’s friends for the countries that have supported the independence of the new state of Kosovo. The ideological framing of the friendship discourse is pointed out as the dominant topic in these two mainstream newspapers, but on the other hand, the papers emphasize two different perspectives of using the discourse of friendship, which are adjusted to the editorial policies and persuasive goals of the respective papers.</p> Esin Muzbeg Lindita Tahiri Copyright (c) 2022 Esin Muzbeg | Lindita Tahiri 2022-02-15 2022-02-15 93 28 41 10.15388/Im.2022.93.59 Global, Not Yet Local: Media Coverage of Climate Change and Environment Related Challenges in Latvia <p class="ISSN-abst-virsus">Media are essential actors in transmitting, contesting and embedding the attitudes towards climate change, yet media performance in post-communist countries has been relatively little researched. Informed by conceptual frameworks of strategic narratives, agenda-setting and framing, this paper investigates the media coverage of climate change and environment related issues in Latvia. The paper demonstrates the representation of climate change and environment related issues in Latvian and Russian-speaking traditional and online media, using quantitative data analysis of 3753 media articles, video and audio broadcasts from August 2020 till January 2021, as well as qualitative content analysis of seven peaks.</p> <p class="ISSN-abst-vidus">The findings reveal a significant amount of climate change and environment related articles and broadcasts in Latvian media. News agencies and public broadcasters are the most important media segments in terms of publishing, whereas online media are prior in terms of the audiences reached. International efforts emerge as a dominant theme in the media coverage, while climate change&nbsp;<em>per se&nbsp;</em>receives a minor journalist attention. Both observations confirm a low level of climate change domestication in the Latvian media. Media reliance on political and government information sources and prepackaged material suggests a high potential for official political narratives to spread, yet the persuasive power of strategic narratives remains blurred as the perception side is highly underreported.</p> Vineta Kleinberga Copyright (c) 2022 Vineta Kleinberga 2022-01-30 2022-01-30 93 8 27 10.15388/Im.2022.93.58 Editorial Board and Table of Contents Vladislav Fomin Copyright (c) 2021 Authors 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 93 1 7 Editorial Board and Table of Contents <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Vladislav Fomin Copyright (c) 2021 Authors 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 93 1 7