Multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods designed for evaluation of attractiveness of available alternatives, whenever used in decision-aid systems, imply active participation of experts. They participate in all stages of evaluation: casting a set of criteria, which should describe an evaluated process or an alternative; estimating level of importance of each criterion; estimating values of some criteria and sub-criteria. Social and economic processes are prone to laws of statistics,which are described and could be forecasted using the theory of probability. Weights of criteria, which reveal levels of their importance, could rarely be estimated with the absolute level of precision. Uncertainty of evaluation is characterised by a probability distribution. Aiming to elicit evaluation from experts we have to find either a distribution or a density function. Statistical simulation method can be used for estimation of evaluation of weights and/or values of criteria by experts. Alternatively, character of related uncertainty can be estimated by an expert himself during the survey process. The aim of this paper is to describe algorithms of expert evaluation with estimation of opinion uncertainty, which were applied in practice. In particular, a new algorithm was proposed, where an expert evaluates criteria by probability distributions.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Please read the Copyright Notice in Journal Policy.