Acta Orientalia Vilnensia 2020-06-18T09:06:36+00:00 Audrius Beinorius Open Journal Systems <p>Founded in 2000, published in English and dedicated to publishing empirical, theoretical and historical studies of the regions of the Indian Subcontinent, the Middle East, Central Asia, the Far East and Southeast Asia.</p> Foreword 2020-06-18T08:56:10+00:00 Fabio Belafatti It is with great pleasure and pride that Vilnius University’s Centre of Oriental Studies presents the latest special issue of <em>Acta Orientalia Vilnensia</em>, featuring a collection of peer-reviewed articles on the religious and linguistic diversity of Turkic-speaking peoples in Eastern Europe. [...] 2017-04-13T12:56:07+00:00 Copyright (c) The Graphemes /š/ and /ŋ/ in the Religious Texts of the CODEX CUMANICUS 2020-06-18T08:55:41+00:00 Csaba Göncöl The aim of the article is to point out the lack of research on palaeography and orthography of the Codex Cumanicus. The article deals with the use of symbols used to denote the consonants <em>/š/</em> and <em>/ŋ/</em> of the religious texts in the “German part” of the manuscript. The texts can be divided into two sections: the first being on folios 61r–63r, while the second on folios 69r–76r and 80r. This difference in use of the symbols may show that there were two different methods of writing consonants, which were foreign to the orthography of Medieval Latin writing, in the above-mentioned two sections of the text. The article stresses the importance of the palaeographical and orthographical analysis on the Codex Cumanicus, in order to be able to draw valid linguistic information from the codex. 2017-04-13T12:56:07+00:00 Copyright (c) The Franciscans and Yaylaq Khatun 2020-06-18T08:55:13+00:00 Szilvia Kovács This study explores two issues. The first topic, as the title suggests, deals with the appearance of the Franciscan Order and its expansion at the expense of the Dominicans on the southern Russian steppe in the second half of the thirteenth century. The second question is tied to one of the successes of the Franciscans: the conversion to Christianity of one of the wives of Nogay, the khanmaker, the powerful lord of the western regions of the Golden Horde. I will reconstruct what can be ascertained about this khatun, based on Latin, Muslim and Byzantine sources. 2017-04-13T12:56:07+00:00 Copyright (c) Emergence of a New Written Culture: The use of Hebrew script among the Krimchaks and the Karaim 2020-06-18T08:54:43+00:00 Zsuzsanna Olach <p>Conversion to a religion usually has a positive impact on the written culture of a given community. The conversion may or may not result in the adoption of a new writing system. In the Turkic world, we find examples for both cases. The Karaims, by their conversion into Karaitism, adopted the Hebrew script. They used the Hebrew alphabet up till the beginning of the 20th century in their everyday life for writing; for example, private letters and secular and religious texts in Karaim.<br />Another Turkic speaking group, the heterogeneous Rabbanite community of Krimchaks (whose majority is of Sephardic origin) also used the Hebrew script to write their vernacular.<br />Some characteristics of the writing systems of the Karaim and of the Krimchaks have been described, but no comparative research has thus far been carried out. In this study, the peculiarities of the Hebrew alphabet used by both Turkic speaking peoples will be discussed and illustrated. For instance, the new characters, which were introduced in order to indicate specific Turkic phonetic values, and the ways the same Hebrew vowel sign or letter is used in the different Krimchak and Karaim manuscripts.</p> 2017-04-13T12:56:07+00:00 Copyright (c) The Ten Principles of Karaite Faith in a Seventeenth-Century Hebrew Poem from Troki 2020-06-18T08:54:15+00:00 Riikka Tuori The ten principles of Karaite faith were originally compiled by medieval Byzantine Karaite scholars to sum up the basics of the Karaite Jewish creed. Early modern Karaites wrote poetic interpretations on the principles. This article provides an analysis and an English translation of a seventeenth-century Hebrew poem by the Lithuanian Karaite, Yehuda ben Aharon. In this didactic poem, Yehuda ben Aharon discusses the essence of divinity and the status of the People of Israel, the heavenly origin of the Torah, and future redemption. The popularity of Karaite commentaries and poems on the principles during the early modern period shows that dogma―and how to understand it correctly―had become central for the theological considerations of Karaite scholars. The source for this attentiveness is traced to the Byzantine Karaite literature written on the principles and to the treatment of the Maimonidean principles in late medieval rabbinic literature. 2017-04-13T12:56:07+00:00 Copyright (c) Guidelines for contributors 2020-06-11T08:43:47+00:00 Acta Orientalia Vilnensia 2016 13 ... 2017-04-13T12:56:07+00:00 Copyright (c) Ecclesiastical Terminology in TÖRE BITIGI: ARÏ 2020-06-18T08:56:39+00:00 Kutluay Erk <p>In this article the semantic field of the Armeno-Kipchak word arï/ari “holy, sacred” is examined on the basis of Töre Bitigi (Wrocław version), which is an Armeno-Kipchak version of the Old Armenian law code Datastanagirk’. This magistrative-juridical text was based in a large part on ecclesiastical prescriptions. Accordingly it is possible to see a group of religious terms in the text and the word of arï/ari is one of them. This significant term shows parallelism with other historical Turkic texts, which have been translated from the Holy Book.<br /><br /><em>Daγï da ne üčün emdi klädik yazmaga törälärni, ya ne säbäptän teprändi esimiz bu iškä [...] bu vaχtlarda erinčekliktän üvrämägä klämäslär Eski u Yäŋï Törälärni ne markarẹlardan, ne Awedarandan, ki bolgaylar edi ari bitiklerniŋ küčündän bilmägä könü töräni. Anïŋ üčün klädik bu Törä bitiki bilä oyatmaga alarnï, nečik kimsäni yuχudan.<br /></em><br />Töre Bitigi/Ekinči, ne üčün yazdïq ya kimniŋ pričinasïndan 5r/160r</p> 2017-04-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2017 Vilnius University Press Books Reviews 2020-06-18T09:06:36+00:00 Guy Podoler Pauline C. Lee <p><strong>Guy Podoler.</strong> <em>Monuments, Memory, and Identity: Constructing the Colonial Past in South Korea</em>, Welten Ostasiens. Worlds of East Asia. Mondes de l‘Extrême- Orient 18, Bern: Peter Lang AG, 2011, 272 pp., num. ill. ISBN 978-3-0343-0660-7 (hardbound), € 52.80</p> <p><strong>Pauline C. Lee. </strong><em>Li Zhi 李贽,</em> <em>Confucianism and the Virtue of Desire, SUNY series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture</em>, Albany: SUNY Press, 2012, pp. 202. ISBN 978-1-4384-3927-3 (hardcover), $75.00</p> 2011-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2011 Vilniaus universiteto leidykla / Vilnius University Press ACTA ORIENTALIA VILNENSIA EXCHANGE PROGRAMME 2020-06-18T09:06:04+00:00 Editorial Board <p>The editors of the Acta Orientalia Vilnensia, in co-operation with the Oriental library at Vilnius University, highly welcome a regular exchange of scholarly periodicals publishing on Asian and Middle Eastern studies. For exchange proposals, please contact the secretary of the editorial board. Journals or serial publications received under the programme in 2012:<br /><br />• Acta Asiatica. Bulletin of the Institute of Eastern Studies<br />• Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute<br />• Archív Orientální<br />• Asian Ethnology<br />• Asian Studies Review<br />• Asiatische Studien/Études Asiatiques<br />• Brahmavidya: The Adyar Library Bulletin<br />• Bulletin of the Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute<br />• Cracow Indological Studies<br />• Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy<br />• East and West<br />• Folia Orientalia<br />• Indologica Taurinensia<br />• Japanese Journal of Religious Studies<br />• Journal of Sukrtindra Oriental Research Institute<br />• Journal of the Asiatic Society of Mumbai<br />• Journal of the International College for Postgraduate Buddhist Studies<br />• Journal of the Oriental Institute, M.S. University of Baroda<br />• Linguistic and Oriental Studies from Poznan<br />• Monumenta Serica. Journal of Oriental Studies<br />• New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies<br />• Orientalia Suecana<br />• Pandanus<br />• Philosophy East and West<br />• Religion East and West<br />• Rocznik Orientalistyczny<br />• Studia Indologiczne<br />• Studia Orientalia<br />• Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens<br />• ZINBUN</p> 2011-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2011 Vilniaus universiteto leidykla / Vilnius University Press Introduction: Modern Japan and Korea seen through various media 2020-06-18T09:05:34+00:00 Kyoko Koma <p>Vytautas Magnus University</p><p>This issue discusses cultural aspects of modern Japan and Korea seen through various media. Media in this issue is not simple mass media like newspapers, journals, and TV, but media in a much broader meaning. According to Helen Katz, media has two roles: to inform and to entertain. Newspapers inform but also entertain readers. Literature could also be considered a medium to entertain readers. Autobiographic literature or non-fiction literature informs a kind of reality. Fashion could be also considered a medium for a human being to transmit information (occupation, taste, identity) and entertain (for example, the fashionable style of singers permits them to entertain TV spectators). In this issue, we approach some cultural aspects of modern Japan and Korea as seen through several types of media from popular culture, film, fashion and newspapers to cultural media as a tool of public diplomacy. Our topics are as follows.</p><p>...</p> 2011-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2011 Vilniaus universiteto leidykla / Vilnius University Press