The First Farmers of Ukraine: an Archaeobotanical Investigation and AMS Dating of Wheat Grains from the Ratniv-2 Site
Articles
Giedrė Motuzaitė Matuzevičiūtė
Sergey Telizhenko
Published 2017-05-12
https://doi.org/10.15388/ArchLit.2016.17.10685
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Keywords

Linear Pottery Culture (LBK)
early cereal cultivation
spread of agriculture
the first farmers of Ukraine
Neolithic

How to Cite

Matuzevičiūtė, G. M. and Telizhenko, S. (2017) “The First Farmers of Ukraine: an Archaeobotanical Investigation and AMS Dating of Wheat Grains from the Ratniv-2 Site”, Archaeologia Lituana, 170, pp. 100-111. doi: 10.15388/ArchLit.2016.17.10685.

Abstract

This paper presents the results of archaeobotanical investigations performed during excavations of a Linear Pottery Culture (LBK) site in western Ukraine. The collection of cultivated plants and weeds found in the hearth of the LBK dwelling fits well with what was grown by LBK inhabitants elsewhere in Europe. The direct dating of cereal grains reveals the existence of early-stage LBK in Ukraine during a much earlier timeframe than previously thought. The new archaeobotanical results and their dates exclude other previously postulated
theories on the timing and geographical origins of agriculture in Ukraine, pointing towards the western LBK phenomenon as the earliest carrier of crop cultivation to Ukraine.

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