Archaeologia Lituana <p>Founded in 1999 and dedicated to analysing the issues on the history and methodology of archaeology and important archaeological research data in the Baltic region. Indexed in the <em>Scopus</em> database since 2021.</p> Vilniaus universiteto leidykla / Vilnius University Press en-US Archaeologia Lituana 2538-8738 <p>Please read the Copyright Notice in&nbsp;<a href="">Journal Policy</a>.&nbsp;</p> Editorial Board and Table of Contents <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Albinas Kuncevičius Copyright (c) 2021 Authors 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 22 1 7 Pratarmė Albinas Kuncevičius Copyright (c) 2021 Authors 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 22 8 8 Preface Albinas Kuncevičius Copyright (c) 2021 Authors 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 22 9 9 Development Aspects of Archaeological Sites in Latvia <p>Archaeological sites as part of cultural heritage satisfy a broad range of interests of different stakeholders. Along with satisfying cultural, social, scientific, etc., interests, their role is no less important in strategic socio-economic development.<br><span xml:lang="ru-RU">Unlocking asocio-economic potential of archaeological sites requires clear vision of how to conserve and protect each particular site, how and by what means to maintain and manage the object as well as what to do with it next. It is widely acknowledged that archaeological sites, in particular those having the status of archaeological monuments, play a socially important role, but their maintenance and development often require significant investment. While the laws make owners of archaeological sites, both private and public, solely responsible for conservation, restoration and maintenance of cultural monuments in their property, there should be appropriate mechanisms that mitigate the financial and legal burden and support owners along the way.<br>Based on the review of legal regulation, scientific literature, information of the authorities and mass media, multiple expert interviews, consultations with professional archaeologists, and using an integrated socio-economic and legal approach to the researched issue, the article provides theoretical and practical insight into the actualities of archaeological heritage development potential in Latvia (making international comparisons) and possible solutions thereto.</span></p> Andris Kairišs Irina Oļevska Copyright (c) 2021 Authors 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 22 10 36 10.15388/ArchLit.2021.22.1 Kapčiamiestis Final Palaeolithic Site on the Bank of Baltoji Ančia River <p>The article analyzes the archaeological material of Kapčiamiestis Stone Age site, which was excavated in 2006–2007. A brief overview of the site’s history and heritage conservation and management works is provided. The article analyzes the geomorphology of this area and its development in the late ice age and the Holocene, describes in detail the stratigraphy of the study site and various erosive processes that have intensively affected it. Although the findings were not found in abundance during the research, it is an object that has existed for a short time and is characterized by the homogeneity of the assemblages. Based on the information gathered during the research and the typological-technological criteria of the flint inventory, the site dates back to the end of the Final Paleolithic (10<sup xml:lang="en-GB">th</sup>&nbsp;millennium BC) and belongs to the late Swiderian cultural tradition. It is currently the oldest excavated Stone Age site on the southernmost outskirt of Užnemunė Region.</p> Egidijus Šatavičius Copyright (c) 2021 Authors 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 22 37 61 10.15388/ArchLit.2021.22.2 Archaeological Research in the Našlaičiai Cemetery (Vilnius City) – Searches for the Remains of Lithuanian Partisans <p>The article describes the archaeological research of the Našlaičiai (Orphans’) Cemetery in Vilnius carried out over the period of 2017–2020. The remains of the Lithuanian post-war partisans shot in the KGB Internal Prison between 1956 and 1963 had been searched for more than a decade. Only in 2016 the historian D. Indrišionis suggested a solid hypothesis, based on archival documents and documented facts, that the remains of the partisans could be hidden together with the bodies of the executed criminals in the Našlaičiai Cemetery, then operating in the suburbs of Vilnius. Performed archaeological research confirmed this version, and the remains of all the partisans shot in the Vilnius KGB Internal Prison during the mentioned time period were found in the cemetery. The article presents a brief history of the Našlaičiai Cemetery, analyses the archival sources and methodology used in the research, and provides a detailed description of the course and the results of the archaeological research.</p> Gintautas Vėlius Copyright (c) 2021 Authors 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 22 62 96 10.15388/ArchLit.2021.22.3 Urban Development of Merkinė Town in the 16th–18th Centuries <p>This study presents data reflecting the urban development of Merkinė in the 16<sup xml:lang="en-GB">th</sup>–18<sup xml:lang="en-GB">th</sup>&nbsp;centuries. The old names of the city streets and the development of the street structure are analyzed. After the analysis of historical sources, the approximate location of the lost masonry and other town buildings is presented, as well as the data of residential and public town buildings and the manor house. In the 16<sup xml:lang="en-GB">th</sup>–18<sup xml:lang="en-GB">th</sup>&nbsp;centuries, wooden buildings dominated in the town, but sources testify that, especially before the mid-17<sup xml:lang="en-GB">th</sup>&nbsp;century war, brick residential buildings were also built in the main town streets. Along with the town hall, the parish church dominated in the structure of the town, as well as the churches and monasteries of the Jesuit residence and the Dominican convent, and on the top of the town a wooden St. Peter’s and St. Paul’s Church stood, which was to be prominently seen in the town’s skyline.</p> Žygimantas Buržinskas Copyright (c) 2021 Authors 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 22 97 117 10.15388/ArchLit.2021.22.4 The Research of Clay Tobacco Pipes and Its Methodological Aspects <p>Clay pipes are quite a common finding in the study of urban cultural strata, a dozen thousand fragments of them are counted in the collections of Lithuania museums. Nevertheless, the terminology of these of tobacco pipes is not yet quite settled in Lithuania, and archaeologists who investigate urban areas do not even have a methodical material published in Lithuanian. The article aims to distinguish and define the methodological aspects of the analysis of clay tobacco pipes dated from the first half of 17<sup xml:lang="en-GB">th</sup>&nbsp;century to 19<sup xml:lang="en-GB">th</sup>&nbsp;century, which would be suitable for the Lithuanian context. At the beginning of this article, the history of clay tobacco pipes research is analyzed in a methodological aspect, the links to the whole development of archaeology science are presented, and the current tendencies in the tobacco pipes researches are described. The other chapters focus on the matters of clay pipes terminology, methods of analysis, and dating. Considering the locally produced and imported pipes found in Lithuania, methodical matters of recording and describing these findings are analyzed, as well as possible interpretations of the collected data.</p> Atas Žvirblys Copyright (c) 2021 Authors 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 22 118 146 10.15388/ArchLit.2021.22.5 Cannon Stored in Hugo Scheu Museum in Šilutė. Analysis of Artillery Cannons According to XRF Research Data <p>The article discusses the Swedish 3 pounds regimental cannon, produced in 1786.<br>X-ray fluorescence (XRF) chemical element analysis data from cannon barrel alloys are also presented and discussed. As well as influence of their composition on the operation of cannons.</p> Liudvikas Vasiliauskas Copyright (c) 2021 Authors 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 22 147 156 10.15388/ArchLit.2021.22.6 Archeologijos katedros mokslinės veiklos apžvalga <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Violeta Vasiliauskienė Copyright (c) 2021 Authors 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 22 157 162