Politologija 2021-01-11T05:45:38+00:00 Justinas Dementavičius Open Journal Systems <p>Founded in 1989. Publishes articles on political science and international relations. Indexed in the Scopus database since 2012.</p> Social Media in Russian Politics 2021-01-04T07:52:04+00:00 Alexey Salikov <p>This paper considers the issue of the influence of social media on politics in Russia. Having emerged in the late 1990s as a tool for informal communication, social media became an important part of Russian socio-political life by the end of 2010s. The past two decades is a sufficient period of time to draw some intermediate conclusions of the impact of social media on the political development of the country. To do this is the main goal of the paper. Its main body consists of three parts. The first chapter gives a general characterization of Russian social media, its significance in terms of influencing the formation of public opinion, public debate, and the socio-political agenda in the country. The second chapter examines the use of social media by the Russian opposition and protest movements. The third chapter analyses the use of social media by the Russian authorities.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Alexey Salikov (Author) The Impact of Constitutional Replacements on the Quality of Democracy in Latin America 2021-01-04T07:52:02+00:00 Orestas Strauka <p>The article aims to evaluate whether and how constitutional replacements influence the quality of democracy in Latin American countries. The fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis method is applied while analysing 18 Latin American countries. The objective of the article- nine new constitutions that are assigned to the new constitutionalism period. The results reveal that constitutional replacements are neither sufficient nor necessary condition for quality of democracy. On the contrary, the parsimonious solution shows that quality of democracy can be explained by both high levels of education and inversion of constitutional replacements and inversion of constitutional replacements, institutionalised party system and non-homogeneous society. Inversion of quality of democracy analysis indicated that constitutional replacements, together with other conditions, form sufficient conditions for inversion of quality of democracy.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Orestas Strauka (Author) On the Present of Democracy and the Future of Populism - Interview with Ives Mény 2021-01-11T05:45:38+00:00 Dominykas Kaminskas 2020-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Justinas Dementavičius Editorial Board and Table of Contents 2021-01-04T07:46:08+00:00 Justinas Dementavičius <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2020-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Authors Author Guidelines and Bibliographic Data 2021-01-04T07:49:45+00:00 Justinas Dementavičius <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2020-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Authors Open Society According Henri Bergson: Its Political Expressions and Anthropological Substantiation 2020-12-15T06:41:01+00:00 Povilas Aleksandravičius <p>The paper seeks to reveal the Bergson’s conception of open society. In the first part, three concrete political expressions of the open society are identified that are sprea­ding in international relations and inside the society. The second part is aimed at showing that the open society is not a society without borders or limits and it does not pose any dangers to cherishing of identities: Bergson’s concept of duration, the source of his political philosophy, establishes identities by providing the foundation for the dynamic process of their maturation through openness. The anthropological substantiation of the open society that was begun in this part is continued in the third part of the paper that analyses the factors of closing and opening, their roots in nature, human nature and vital impetus.</p> 2020-12-15T06:39:36+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Povilas Aleksandravičius (Author) Participation of the Turkish Military in the Economy of the State: Case of Indirect Praetorionism 2020-12-11T07:02:02+00:00 Valerij Špak <p>Based on the example of the Turkish military’s involvement in the country’s economy, this article seeks to complement the concept of praetorionism and to highlight the mechanisms of indirect praetorionism. The Turkish army plays an important role in the country’s economy, while the military pension fund OYAK is considered one of the country’s business giants. It provides an opportunity to maintain disproportionate institutional autonomy and weakens civilian control mechanisms. This provides the military with additional instruments of political influence and encourages the emergence of hidden mechanisms of praetorianism. The article seeks to understand new phenomena and trends in the interaction between the society and the military, as the involvement of the Turkish army in the country’s economy changes the concept of praetorianism and provides new, indirect ways of intervening in public policy. Because of how the Turkish military controls business companies using a privileged position in the country’s economy, corruption mechanisms that influence the mechanisms of the redistribution of economic resources and the pursuit of rents have an indirect impact on the political system of the state. In this way, military entrepreneurship has transformed the conceptual structure of praetorians and complemented interventions with indirect forms of influence, such as corruption, economic dominance, and the distortion of economic reforms.</p> 2020-12-11T06:57:12+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Valerij Špak (Author) Editorial Board and Table of Contents 2020-09-02T09:12:01+00:00 Lauras Bielinis <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2020-09-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Authors Author Guidelines and Bibliographic Data 2020-09-02T09:12:00+00:00 Lauras Bielinis <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2020-09-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Authors A Vision of the European Union: A Study of Media Coverage of Polish Election Campaigns for the 2019 European Parliament Elections 2020-10-15T13:19:42+00:00 Ewa Stasiak-Jazukiewicz Marta Jas-Koziarkiewicz Renata Mienkowska - Norkiene <p>The 2019 European Parliament (EP) elections coincided with the discussions about the need to change the European integration model. These discussions were forced by the refugee crisis and Brexit. In this article, the authors investigate the media representation of programs proposed by Polish political parties in the campaign for EP 2019 elections. The purpose is to determine how the media reported on these programs (media agenda). The research question required the supplementation of the study with an analysis of the political parties’ programs. The research model is based on an agenda-setting theory. The empirical section presents the results of the quantitative and qualitative analysis of both media and political agendas, confirming the discrepancy between them.</p> 2020-08-28T07:30:02+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ewa Stasiak-Jazukiewicz | Marta Jas-Koziarkiewicz | Renata Mienkowska Norkiene (Author)