Politologija 2021-10-19T09:29:42+00:00 Justinas Dementavičius Open Journal Systems <p>Founded in 1989 and dedicated to publishing articles on political science and international relations, and interdisciplinary topics. Indexed in the <em>Scopus</em> (Q4) database since 2012.</p> Interpretation of military power in the context of realism paradigm 2021-10-19T09:29:41+00:00 Agnietė Žotkevičiūtė Banevičienė <p>The article seeks to reveal the possibilities of a theoretical interpretation of power in the broad sense and military power in the narrow sense in the context of the realism paradigm, with a deep focus on including intangible resources in the interpretation of power. In the article, the interpretation of power is consciously grounded on the synthesis of power as resources and power as relation perspectives meanwhile applying this synthesis to the analysis of military power. Thus, military power is perceived as covering not only material but also non-material resources and as being contextual in nature. The article forms assumptions that the interpretation of military power depends on the security environment perception of the political and military elite: by changing warfare concepts and force employment methods they introduce military innovations, while military doctrines are an instrument of power conversion&nbsp;– through them the security environment perception is imparted and the structure of military power is changed. Such an interpretation of military power, combining different insights based on the paradigm of realism, allows the formation of an alternative approach to the interpretation of military power.</p> 2021-10-18T10:10:44+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Authors The Phenomenon of the Freedom Party: the Effect of Newness or the Beginning of a New Value Cleavage? 2021-10-19T09:29:42+00:00 Ainė Ramonaitė <p>The article analyzes the reasons of success of the Freedom Party in the 2020 Seimas elections. The case of Freedom Party is particularly interesting as it did not appeal to the median voter like previous new parties, but took a clearly liberal stance on such vulnerable issues (in rather conservative Lithuanian society) as LGBT rights. The article examines several probable accounts of the success story of the party: the newness of the party, the value shift in the society and the realignment of the voters. The article employs the data of the 2020 post-election survey and other relevant data sets. The analysis revealed that the effect of novelty contributed somewhat to the success of the Freedom Party, but the main reason for its good performance was the ability to mobilize liberal-minded voters, the number of which increased significantly compared to the 2016 Seimas elections. The party was able not only to take advantage of the changing values of the new generation, but also to consolidate liberal-minded voters who were previously dispersed. The results of the analysis suggest that attitudes on the conservatism–liberalism dimension have become an important factor determining party preferences in Lithuania, while so far, the only significant cleavage in Lithuania was based on different attitudes towards Russia and the Soviet past.</p> 2021-10-18T09:56:32+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Authors Transitional Justice in Rwanda: Analysis of Reconciliation Initiatives in Musha Village 2021-07-17T09:27:17+00:00 Urtė Jakubėnaitė <p>The article examines how reconciliation is perceived at the individual level. This particular case study analyses what types of reconciliation practices exist in Musha village and whether or not the inhabitants see it as effective ones. In an attempt to investigate the reconciliation definition from the local people’s perspective and to observe their community-level experiences, ethnographic fieldwork in Rwanda has been conducted. This study reveals that locals understand reconciliation in the same way as the government authorities proclaim. Data gathered during this field trip indicate the significance of reconciliation as controlled by the national government. As a consequence, the people are not able, and at the same time, are not really concerned about rethinking reconciliation in other possible ways. Furthermore, this concludes the fact that the central authorities have become able to peacefully construct the narrative of forced reconciliation, while social exclusion in the country still robustly prevails.</p> 2021-07-16T10:50:38+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Urtė Jakubėnaitė (Author) The Role of Emotions in Mobilization of Society to Fight Climate Change: Constructing Emotional State to Inspire Mass Movement 2021-07-17T09:27:17+00:00 Neringa Mataitytė <p>How do emotions contribute to mobilizing the international community to join massive protests against climate change? Although it is common to superficially state that protests are full of various emotions, it remains unclear how emotions become collective on the international level and how they ensure the spread of mass mobilization. This research paper examines the process of collectivization of emotions and how it explains mass mobilization in the case of international climate change strikes. This paper raises the question of how the emotional environment was favourably constructed in Greta Thunberg’s case in order to mobilize international society to join climate change strikes, and it aims to reveal how group emotions play an important role in successful international mobilization. Based on Sarah Ahmed’s theory of cultural politics of emotions and James M. Jasper’s theory linking emotions and social movements, it is assumed that specific emotions were circulated to create a distinct emotional environment that inspired the international community to join Thunberg’s climate strike. An Emotional Discourse Analysis revealed that Thunberg’s speeches are full of emotional potential that provokes reactive emotions such as fear, anger and hope in the global society and establishes an injustice-based framing of the problem as well as the dichotomy between the political elite and the global society. This study contributes to the research field of emotions in international relations by exploring in more depth the collectivization of emotions and expands the theory of cultural politics of emotions to include explanations of international politics phenomena such as mass mobilization.</p> 2021-07-16T10:38:20+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Neringa Mataitytė (Author) Editorial Board and Table of Contents 2021-07-17T09:27:18+00:00 Justinas Dementavičius 2021-07-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Authors Bibliographic Data 2021-07-17T09:27:18+00:00 Justinas Dementavičius <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2021-07-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Authors Lithuanian Political Parties in the Age of Populism: Content Analysis of the 2016 and 2020 Seimas Election Programmes 2021-06-04T09:26:19+00:00 Jogilė Ulinskaitė <p>During the spread of populism in politics, we know little about the prevalence of populism in the discourse of Lithuanian political parties. This article presents a content analysis of Lithuanian political parties’ manifestos for the 2016 and 2020 parliamentary elections. The results show that references to the people as a homogeneous unit are relatively widespread, but the number of anti-elitist paragraphs in party programmes is lower. We can divide the parties into three groups according to the level of populism. The most populist parties, located at the fringes of the party system, received little support from the voters in the Seimas elections. Parties that presented relatively high numbers of people-centrist paragraphs and a relatively moderate criticism of the elite proved to be much more successful in the election.</p> 2021-06-04T04:55:13+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Authors What Happened to Transitional Justice in Croatia After the EU Accession? 2021-06-01T09:26:13+00:00 Lina Strupinskienė Simona Vaškevičiūtė <p>This paper proposes to see Croatia’s becoming a member state of the European Union in 2013 as a particular critical juncture that created uncertainty over the type of decisions the government would take in the field of transitional justice once international pressure had stopped. It compares the period before and after the accession by looking into the three elements of transitional justice policy that were given priority by the EU conditionality framework – fighting impunity for war crimes, fostering reconciliation and respect for and protection of minority rights. It finds that all three have deteriorated in the post-accession period. On the one hand, the findings illustrate the power of international pressure, but on the other hand, they question the overall effectiveness of the conditionality policy, as it seems to not have affected deeper societal issues at stake and has not resulted in true transformation.</p> 2021-06-01T07:09:46+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lina Strupinskienė | Simona Vaškevičiūtė (Author) “Under the Lebanese flag”: National Unity in the Movement of October 17th 2021-05-24T05:40:55+00:00 Marija Rakickaja <p>This article aims to understand how national unity is being constructed in the context of the protest movement, started on October 17th, 2019 in Lebanon, what it is grounded on and what is the role of the elite in the process. The study is based on an ethnographic research conducted in Beirut between October 17th and December 19th, 2019, and analyzes the movement of October 17th as an instance of nation-building from below.</p> <p>It became clear that a unity across different communities has emerged from below and reached “tipping point” coinciding with the movement of October 17th, which provided new spaces for people to engage in “viral peer-to-peer networking” creating a “feedback loop” reinforcing the unity based on shared grievances and idea of a civil state. It is argued that elite is not necessary for a national sentiment to emerge. Its durability is though assumed to be related to efficacy and thus possibly impacted by leadership.</p> 2021-05-05T11:40:05+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Marija Rakickaja (Author) Exploring Political Bias in Captured Media: The Study of Local Press in Lithuania Using Computational Content Analysis Methods 2021-03-23T13:29:06+00:00 Ainė Ramonaitė Adelė Vaiginytė <p>The article presents an exploratory study of regional media content in Lithuania, carried out using computational content analysis methods. The aim of the study is to reveal the effects of media capture on media content. More specifically, it analyses if and how local government’s control over regional mass media leads to media bias. In addition, the research aims to test the methods of automatic content analysis for the texts in Lithuanian language. The article focuses on two local newspapers known for close relationships with local governments&nbsp;– Druskininkai newspaper “Mano Druskininkai” and Širvintos newspaper “Širvintų kraštas”. For comparative purposes, the local newspapers of four additional municipalities (Utena, Šilutė, Birštonas and Biržai) are added to the analysis. The data revealed two different mechanisms for consolidating political power through the politically controlled media: in one newspaper, the dominant technique is the promotion of the mayor as a person, while in the other it is the attack of political opponents.</p> 2021-03-23T11:35:55+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ainė Ramonaitė | Adelė Vaiginytė (Author)