Politologija 2022-05-09T09:37:37+00:00 Justinas Dementavičius Open Journal Systems <p>Founded in 1989 and dedicated to publishing articles on political science and international relations, and interdisciplinary topics. Indexed in the <em>Scopus</em> (Q4) database since 2012.</p> The Impact of Significant Events on Public Policy and Institutional Change: Towards a Research Agenda 2022-05-09T09:37:37+00:00 Inga Patkauskaitė-Tiuchtienė Rasa Bortkevičiūtė Vitalis Nakrošis Ramūnas Vilpišauskas <p>Data shows that significant events such natural disasters, anthropogenic disasters and malign activities by hostile actors, often having cross-border effects, have been on the rise. However, the studies of the effects of those events on public policies, governance and institutions remain inconclusive. In this article we present a research agenda which proposes the classification of the significant events on the basis of their characteristics backing it with a newly compiled data set on significant events which took place in Lithuania in 2004-2020 and outline the directions for an in-depth analysis of the causal mechanisms of how those events affect policy and institutional change. We conclude with concrete proposals for further research which could provide theoretically innovative and policy relevant insights into the political processes which translate responses to significant events into policy and institutional changes affecting welfare institutions and resilience of society.</p> 2022-05-09T05:25:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Inga Patkauskaitė-Tiuchtienė | Rasa Bortkevičiūtė | Vitalis Nakrošis | Ramūnas Vilpišauskas (Author) Fyodor Dostoevsky’s “I am more than all” and Its Implications for the Political 2022-04-06T09:36:36+00:00 Andrius Bielskis <p>The paper examines Fyodor Dostoevsky’s ethical views&nbsp;– especially as exemplified in the dictum “each of us is guilty of everything against all, and I am more than all”&nbsp;– in light of their political implications. It focuses on two related issues. First, Emma­nuel Levinas’s philosophical interpretation of Dostoevsky’s “I am more than the others” is contrasted with its interpretation by Sigmund Freud, who famously argued that Dostoevsky’s fixation on guilt was the consequence of his neurotic intention to murder his father. Freud’s claim has been refuted by Dostoevsky’s bibliographers. To understand the meaning of “I am more than all,” its semantic-narrative context in&nbsp;<em>The Brothers Karamazov&nbsp;</em>is therefore discussed. Second, the paper then examines the political implications of Dostoevsky’s ethics of redemption. Given that there are at least three traditions of theorizing the political&nbsp;– classical-Aristotelian, Schmittian, and liberal&nbsp;– the paper examines how Dostoevsky’s ethics of redemption can be positioned vis-à-vis these conceptualizations and which of them it can enrich the most.</p> 2022-04-05T11:36:17+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Andrius Bielskis (Author) Three Perspectives on Marxism and Christianity (Translated by Andrius Bielskis) 2022-04-06T09:36:38+00:00 Alasdair MacIntyre Andrius Bielskis <p>Šis tekstas yra įvadas į 1995 metais perleistą 1953 metų knygą&nbsp;<em>Marxism and Christianity</em>. Ši knyga buvo išleista ir lietuviškai 2012 metais pavadinimu&nbsp;<em>Marksizmas ir krikščionybė</em>. Deja, ji taip ir netapo labiau prieinama ir matoma Lietuvos politikos mokslų bendruomenėje, nors yra svarbi dėl viešojoje erdvėje gana vienprasmiškai matomo krikščionybės ir marksizmo santykio, kurį MacIntyre’as siūlo permąstyti.</p> 2022-04-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Chronicle 2022-04-06T09:36:37+00:00 Justinas Dementavičius <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2022-04-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Editorial Board and Table of Contents 2022-04-06T09:36:37+00:00 Justinas Dementavičius <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2022-04-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Authors Politics and Terrorism of Immanuel Kant‘s Radical Evil 2022-03-15T11:10:08+00:00 Gintautas Grigonis <p>This article analyzes Immanuel Kant’s concept of radical evil within the broader corpus of Kant’s practical works in order to ascertain whether suicidal terrorism can be interpreted using his philosophical framework. Said analysis establishes the dynamic between radical evil and other characteristics of Kantian human nature&nbsp;– unsocial-sociability and propensity towards humanity, whilst focusing on the political implications of said dynamic. When analyzed utilizing the established framework of politics of radical evil, suicidal terrorism reveals the extremities of human behavior as well as potential flaws of Kantian philosophy.</p> 2022-03-15T10:53:29+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Gintautas Grigonis (Author) Evil and Politics: The Possibility of Response to Evil and Its Limits. The Case of Eichmann Trial 2022-03-04T09:35:13+00:00 Simona Merkinaitė <p>The legal challenges arising from the Adolf Eichmann trial in Jerusalem are widely discussed in legal theory. Less attention is given to the trial in the framework of political and moral philosophy, where the key focus remains on the nature and the origins of evil (without a doubt, fuelled by Hannah Arendt’s definition of banality of evil). However, the trail itself present equally challenging question of human response to evil: how are we, the members of the modern political locus to respond to the evil of inhuman proportions? This article aims to answer the question through the reconstruction of debate that took place during the period of the trail (from the date of capture of Eichmann in 1960, till his execution in 1962) and the arguments “for” and “against” the trial by Arendt, Karl Jaspers, Isaiah Berlin, Gershom Scholem and Martin Buber. Beyond these arguments, there is an engaging philosophical debate about the nature and origins of justice, the limits of guilt and retribution, crime and punishment. It is argued that Arendt’s pro-trail stance provide for a way of engagement with the questions of evil by modern political men.</p> 2022-03-03T12:42:44+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Simona Merkinaitė (Author) Immanuel Kant's Challenge to Political Science 2022-03-02T09:35:09+00:00 Alvydas Jokubaitis Linas Jokubaitis <p>The aim of the paper is to prove the incompatibility of Kantian philosophy with empirical political science. The nonexistence of such a science in Kant’s structure of reason is not a coincidence that was determined by historical contingencies, it is a necessary position of his teaching. The domination of morality in Kant’s conception of practical reason does not leave any room for empirical science of politics. Firstly, introduction of methods borrowed from the natural sciences would lead to the demoralization of politics. Secondly, empirical science of politics deforms our understanding of politics. Thirdly, when politics is divorced from morality it loses its ontological foundation. Empirical science of politics that only attempts to investigate facts is incapable of understanding the role of ideas and for this reason does not distinguish between empirical and conceptual factors. Such a science does not recognize the human person as a free subject of morality and sees him as a consequence of external factors. Finally, political science that is divorced from morals deforms understanding of practical reason.</p> 2022-03-01T10:31:16+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Alvydas Jokubaitis | Linas Jokubaitis (Author) The Concept of Honor in Contemporary Political Philosophy: A Critical and an Adaptational Argument 2022-03-01T09:35:08+00:00 Gintas Karalius <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>In spite of a growing number of contemporary publications in the field of political philosophy that are dedicated to the concept of honor and to it’s analysis, there still is a lack of a systemic presentation of the conceptual field of honor itself. Political theorists and philosophers that treat the subject of honor state out their definitions of honor and compare them with one another, yet a general overview of the competing definitions and their critical comparison is still a rarety. A systemic presentation of all prominent contemporary philosophical studies that treat the concept of honor is useful in two ways. It facilitates the understanding of the main arguments that determine different definitions of honor, as well as it identifies major polemical issues that set the diferent concepts of honor apart. This article suggests two main arguments – a critical and an adaptational – for interpreting and comparing the different concepts of honor in contemporary political philosophy. Structuring the conceptual field of honor with these two arguments offers an analytic tool for further analyses of honor that are based on concrete polemical issues. It also gives a new perspective to explain the reemergence of honor in contemporary political philosophy.</p> 2022-03-01T08:05:24+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Gintas Karalius (Author) Motives for Women’s Participation in Military Conflicts: The Ukrainian Case 2022-01-27T09:33:56+00:00 Miglė Lapėnaitė <p>This article analyzes the motives for direct (in military actions) and non-direct (in administrative or military support actions) participation of Ukrainian women in the ongoing Russian-Ukrainian military conflict that began in 2014. It aims to reveal the motives that have led pro-Ukrainian women to take part in defending their country by allowing the participants of the study to speak for themselves. The article draws on twenty (20) e-interviews with women who were involved in the war in Ukraine and five (5) semi-structured interviews with people who due to their professional activities were able to observe the conflict from the inside (journalists, NGO workers, and war photographers), as well as secondary sources available. Content analysis of the interview data was implemented. The article identifies four main motives for participation in war: patriotism, grievances, personal loss and suffering, and women’s empowerment. This information corresponds with similar studies conducted elsewhere in the region.</p> 2022-01-27T07:59:59+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Miglė Lapėnaitė (Author)