Politologija https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija <p>Founded in 1989. Publishes articles on political science and international relations. Indexed in the Scopus database since 2012.</p> Vilniaus universiteto leidykla / Vilnius University Press en-US Politologija 1392-1681 <p>Please read the Copyright Notice in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/politologija/journalpolicy">Journal Policy</a>.&nbsp;</p> Exploring Political Bias in Captured Media: The Study of Local Press in Lithuania Using Computational Content Analysis Methods https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/19192 <p>The article presents an exploratory study of regional media content in Lithuania, carried out using computational content analysis methods. The aim of the study is to reveal the effects of media capture on media content. More specifically, it analyses if and how local government’s control over regional mass media leads to media bias. In addition, the research aims to test the methods of automatic content analysis for the texts in Lithuanian language. The article focuses on two local newspapers known for close relationships with local governments&nbsp;– Druskininkai newspaper “Mano Druskininkai” and Širvintos newspaper “Širvintų kraštas”. For comparative purposes, the local newspapers of four additional municipalities (Utena, Šilutė, Birštonas and Biržai) are added to the analysis. The data revealed two different mechanisms for consolidating political power through the politically controlled media: in one newspaper, the dominant technique is the promotion of the mayor as a person, while in the other it is the attack of political opponents.</p> Ainė Ramonaitė Adelė Vaiginytė Copyright (c) 2020 Ainė Ramonaitė | Adelė Vaiginytė (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-03-23 2021-03-23 100 4 34 68 10.15388/Polit.2020.100.2 Social Media in Russian Politics https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/18442 <p>This paper considers the issue of the influence of social media on politics in Russia. Having emerged in the late 1990s as a tool for informal communication, social media became an important part of Russian socio-political life by the end of 2010s. The past two decades is a sufficient period of time to draw some intermediate conclusions of the impact of social media on the political development of the country. To do this is the main goal of the paper. Its main body consists of three parts. The first chapter gives a general characterization of Russian social media, its significance in terms of influencing the formation of public opinion, public debate, and the socio-political agenda in the country. The second chapter examines the use of social media by the Russian opposition and protest movements. The third chapter analyses the use of social media by the Russian authorities.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Alexey Salikov Copyright (c) 2020 Alexey Salikov (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 100 4 64 92 10.15388/Polit.2020.99.3 The Impact of Constitutional Replacements on the Quality of Democracy in Latin America https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/19117 <p>The article aims to evaluate whether and how constitutional replacements influence the quality of democracy in Latin American countries. The fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis method is applied while analysing 18 Latin American countries. The objective of the article- nine new constitutions that are assigned to the new constitutionalism period. The results reveal that constitutional replacements are neither sufficient nor necessary condition for quality of democracy. On the contrary, the parsimonious solution shows that quality of democracy can be explained by both high levels of education and inversion of constitutional replacements and inversion of constitutional replacements, institutionalised party system and non-homogeneous society. Inversion of quality of democracy analysis indicated that constitutional replacements, together with other conditions, form sufficient conditions for inversion of quality of democracy.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Orestas Strauka Copyright (c) 2020 Orestas Strauka (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 100 4 93 128 10.15388/Polit.2020.99.4 On the Present of Democracy and the Future of Populism - Interview with Ives Mény https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/21661 Dominykas Kaminskas Copyright (c) 2020 Justinas Dementavičius https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 100 4 129 137 10.15388/Polit.2020.99.5 Editorial Board and Table of Contents https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/22241 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Justinas Dementavičius Copyright (c) 2020 Authors http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 100 4 1 7 Author Guidelines and Bibliographic Data https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/22242 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Justinas Dementavičius Copyright (c) 2020 Authors http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 100 4 138 144 Political Meaning of Stasys Šalkauskis’ Philosophy of Culture https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/22493 <p>The philosophy of culture put forward by<strong>&nbsp;</strong>Šalkauskis is a version of political philosophy. By using a typology of the relationship between philosophy and democracy we attempt to prove that his philosophy of culture encompasses not one but few different understandings of the relationship between democracy and philosophy. By comparing the ideas of Šalkauskis with the issues of contemporary political philosophy we can see that democracy today is developing by distancing itself from the principles that Šalkauskis presented in his philosophy of culture. The philosophy of culture as developed by Šalkauskis has two distinctive features. First of all, Christianity is interpreted through the matrix of culture and this is why it becomes compatible with democracy. Secondly, philosophy of culture is consciously transformed into ideology and this transformation is what allowed it to become an important factor in political discussions.</p> Alvydas Jokubaitis Linas Jokubaitis Copyright (c) 2020 Alvydas Jokubaitis | Linas Jokubaitis (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 100 4 8 33 10.15388/Polit.2020.100.1 Open Society According Henri Bergson: Its Political Expressions and Anthropological Substantiation https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/21389 <p>The paper seeks to reveal the Bergson’s conception of open society. In the first part, three concrete political expressions of the open society are identified that are sprea­ding in international relations and inside the society. The second part is aimed at showing that the open society is not a society without borders or limits and it does not pose any dangers to cherishing of identities: Bergson’s concept of duration, the source of his political philosophy, establishes identities by providing the foundation for the dynamic process of their maturation through openness. The anthropological substantiation of the open society that was begun in this part is continued in the third part of the paper that analyses the factors of closing and opening, their roots in nature, human nature and vital impetus.</p> Povilas Aleksandravičius Copyright (c) 2020 Povilas Aleksandravičius (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 100 4 41 63 10.15388/Polit.2020.99.2 Participation of the Turkish Military in the Economy of the State: Case of Indirect Praetorionism https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/16799 <p>Based on the example of the Turkish military’s involvement in the country’s economy, this article seeks to complement the concept of praetorionism and to highlight the mechanisms of indirect praetorionism. The Turkish army plays an important role in the country’s economy, while the military pension fund OYAK is considered one of the country’s business giants. It provides an opportunity to maintain disproportionate institutional autonomy and weakens civilian control mechanisms. This provides the military with additional instruments of political influence and encourages the emergence of hidden mechanisms of praetorianism. The article seeks to understand new phenomena and trends in the interaction between the society and the military, as the involvement of the Turkish army in the country’s economy changes the concept of praetorianism and provides new, indirect ways of intervening in public policy. Because of how the Turkish military controls business companies using a privileged position in the country’s economy, corruption mechanisms that influence the mechanisms of the redistribution of economic resources and the pursuit of rents have an indirect impact on the political system of the state. In this way, military entrepreneurship has transformed the conceptual structure of praetorians and complemented interventions with indirect forms of influence, such as corruption, economic dominance, and the distortion of economic reforms.</p> Valerij Špak Copyright (c) 2020 Valerij Špak (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-11 2020-12-11 100 4 8 40 10.15388/Polit.2020.99.1 Editorial Board and Table of Contents https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/19430 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Lauras Bielinis Copyright (c) 2020 Authors http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-09-02 2020-09-02 100 4 1 7