Politologija https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija <p>Founded in 1989. Publishes articles on political science and international relations. Indexed in the Scopus database since 2012.</p> Vilniaus universiteto leidykla / Vilnius University Press en-US Politologija 1392-1681 <p>Please read the Copyright Notice in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/politologija/journalpolicy">Journal Policy</a>.&nbsp;</p> Transitional Justice in Rwanda: Analysis of Reconciliation Initiatives in Musha Village https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/22713 <p>The article examines how reconciliation is perceived at the individual level. This particular case study analyses what types of reconciliation practices exist in Musha village and whether or not the inhabitants see it as effective ones. In an attempt to investigate the reconciliation definition from the local people’s perspective and to observe their community-level experiences, ethnographic fieldwork in Rwanda has been conducted. This study reveals that locals understand reconciliation in the same way as the government authorities proclaim. Data gathered during this field trip indicate the significance of reconciliation as controlled by the national government. As a consequence, the people are not able, and at the same time, are not really concerned about rethinking reconciliation in other possible ways. Furthermore, this concludes the fact that the central authorities have become able to peacefully construct the narrative of forced reconciliation, while social exclusion in the country still robustly prevails.</p> Urtė Jakubėnaitė Copyright (c) 2021 Urtė Jakubėnaitė (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-16 2021-07-16 101 1 107 148 10.15388/Polit.2021.101.4 The Role of Emotions in Mobilization of Society to Fight Climate Change: Constructing Emotional State to Inspire Mass Movement https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/22949 <p>How do emotions contribute to mobilizing the international community to join massive protests against climate change? Although it is common to superficially state that protests are full of various emotions, it remains unclear how emotions become collective on the international level and how they ensure the spread of mass mobilization. This research paper examines the process of collectivization of emotions and how it explains mass mobilization in the case of international climate change strikes. This paper raises the question of how the emotional environment was favourably constructed in Greta Thunberg’s case in order to mobilize international society to join climate change strikes, and it aims to reveal how group emotions play an important role in successful international mobilization. Based on Sarah Ahmed’s theory of cultural politics of emotions and James M. Jasper’s theory linking emotions and social movements, it is assumed that specific emotions were circulated to create a distinct emotional environment that inspired the international community to join Thunberg’s climate strike. An Emotional Discourse Analysis revealed that Thunberg’s speeches are full of emotional potential that provokes reactive emotions such as fear, anger and hope in the global society and establishes an injustice-based framing of the problem as well as the dichotomy between the political elite and the global society. This study contributes to the research field of emotions in international relations by exploring in more depth the collectivization of emotions and expands the theory of cultural politics of emotions to include explanations of international politics phenomena such as mass mobilization.</p> Neringa Mataitytė Copyright (c) 2021 Neringa Mataitytė (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-16 2021-07-16 101 1 78 106 10.15388/Polit.2021.101.3 Editorial Board and Table of Contents https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/24451 Justinas Dementavičius Copyright (c) 2021 Authors http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-16 2021-07-16 101 1 1 7 Bibliographic Data https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/24452 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Justinas Dementavičius Copyright (c) 2021 Authors http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-16 2021-07-16 101 1 150 150 Lithuanian Political Parties in the Age of Populism: Content Analysis of the 2016 and 2020 Seimas Election Programmes https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/22775 <p>During the spread of populism in politics, we know little about the prevalence of populism in the discourse of Lithuanian political parties. This article presents a content analysis of Lithuanian political parties’ manifestos for the 2016 and 2020 parliamentary elections. The results show that references to the people as a homogeneous unit are relatively widespread, but the number of anti-elitist paragraphs in party programmes is lower. We can divide the parties into three groups according to the level of populism. The most populist parties, located at the fringes of the party system, received little support from the voters in the Seimas elections. Parties that presented relatively high numbers of people-centrist paragraphs and a relatively moderate criticism of the elite proved to be much more successful in the election.</p> Jogilė Ulinskaitė Copyright (c) 2021 Authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-04 2021-06-04 101 1 52 77 10.15388/Polit.2021.101.2 What Happened to Transitional Justice in Croatia After the EU Accession? https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/22723 <p>This paper proposes to see Croatia’s becoming a member state of the European Union in 2013 as a particular critical juncture that created uncertainty over the type of decisions the government would take in the field of transitional justice once international pressure had stopped. It compares the period before and after the accession by looking into the three elements of transitional justice policy that were given priority by the EU conditionality framework – fighting impunity for war crimes, fostering reconciliation and respect for and protection of minority rights. It finds that all three have deteriorated in the post-accession period. On the one hand, the findings illustrate the power of international pressure, but on the other hand, they question the overall effectiveness of the conditionality policy, as it seems to not have affected deeper societal issues at stake and has not resulted in true transformation.</p> Lina Strupinskienė Simona Vaškevičiūtė Copyright (c) 2021 Lina Strupinskienė | Simona Vaškevičiūtė (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 101 1 8 51 10.15388/Polit.2021.101.1 “Under the Lebanese flag”: National Unity in the Movement of October 17th https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/21176 <p>This article aims to understand how national unity is being constructed in the context of the protest movement, started on October 17th, 2019 in Lebanon, what it is grounded on and what is the role of the elite in the process. The study is based on an ethnographic research conducted in Beirut between October 17th and December 19th, 2019, and analyzes the movement of October 17th as an instance of nation-building from below.</p> <p>It became clear that a unity across different communities has emerged from below and reached “tipping point” coinciding with the movement of October 17th, which provided new spaces for people to engage in “viral peer-to-peer networking” creating a “feedback loop” reinforcing the unity based on shared grievances and idea of a civil state. It is argued that elite is not necessary for a national sentiment to emerge. Its durability is though assumed to be related to efficacy and thus possibly impacted by leadership.</p> Marija Rakickaja Copyright (c) 2021 Marija Rakickaja (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-05-05 2021-05-05 101 1 69 105 10.15388/Polit.2020.100.3 Exploring Political Bias in Captured Media: The Study of Local Press in Lithuania Using Computational Content Analysis Methods https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/19192 <p>The article presents an exploratory study of regional media content in Lithuania, carried out using computational content analysis methods. The aim of the study is to reveal the effects of media capture on media content. More specifically, it analyses if and how local government’s control over regional mass media leads to media bias. In addition, the research aims to test the methods of automatic content analysis for the texts in Lithuanian language. The article focuses on two local newspapers known for close relationships with local governments&nbsp;– Druskininkai newspaper “Mano Druskininkai” and Širvintos newspaper “Širvintų kraštas”. For comparative purposes, the local newspapers of four additional municipalities (Utena, Šilutė, Birštonas and Biržai) are added to the analysis. The data revealed two different mechanisms for consolidating political power through the politically controlled media: in one newspaper, the dominant technique is the promotion of the mayor as a person, while in the other it is the attack of political opponents.</p> Ainė Ramonaitė Adelė Vaiginytė Copyright (c) 2020 Ainė Ramonaitė | Adelė Vaiginytė (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-03-23 2021-03-23 101 1 34 68 10.15388/Polit.2020.100.2 Social Media in Russian Politics https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/18442 <p>This paper considers the issue of the influence of social media on politics in Russia. Having emerged in the late 1990s as a tool for informal communication, social media became an important part of Russian socio-political life by the end of 2010s. The past two decades is a sufficient period of time to draw some intermediate conclusions of the impact of social media on the political development of the country. To do this is the main goal of the paper. Its main body consists of three parts. The first chapter gives a general characterization of Russian social media, its significance in terms of influencing the formation of public opinion, public debate, and the socio-political agenda in the country. The second chapter examines the use of social media by the Russian opposition and protest movements. The third chapter analyses the use of social media by the Russian authorities.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Alexey Salikov Copyright (c) 2020 Alexey Salikov (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 101 1 64 92 10.15388/Polit.2020.99.3 The Impact of Constitutional Replacements on the Quality of Democracy in Latin America https://www.journals.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/19117 <p>The article aims to evaluate whether and how constitutional replacements influence the quality of democracy in Latin American countries. The fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis method is applied while analysing 18 Latin American countries. The objective of the article- nine new constitutions that are assigned to the new constitutionalism period. The results reveal that constitutional replacements are neither sufficient nor necessary condition for quality of democracy. On the contrary, the parsimonious solution shows that quality of democracy can be explained by both high levels of education and inversion of constitutional replacements and inversion of constitutional replacements, institutionalised party system and non-homogeneous society. Inversion of quality of democracy analysis indicated that constitutional replacements, together with other conditions, form sufficient conditions for inversion of quality of democracy.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Orestas Strauka Copyright (c) 2020 Orestas Strauka (Author) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 101 1 93 128 10.15388/Polit.2020.99.4