Slauga. Mokslas ir praktika <p>Founded in 1997. The journal of the Center of Excellence of healthcare and Pharmacy Specialists is designed for nursing professionals, midwives, dental care professionals as well as for rehabilitation and public health specialists.</p> Sveikatos priežiūros ir farmacijos specialistų kompetencijų centras / Center of Excellence of Healthcare and Pharmacy Specialists lt-LT Slauga. Mokslas ir praktika 1648-0570 A study of the population attitude towards rational use of antibiotics <p>The World Health Organization (WHO) has expressed concern about the threat posed by bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Irresponsible consumption affects the entire ecosystem. Nowadays this has become a problem as their overuse has reached a level where resistance is growing and spreading and new drugs are lacking to meet this challenge [1]. It is not only doctors who have to take responsibility for their unnecessary use, but also each of us – not to engage in self-medication. Alexander Fleming, a British scientist and professor of bacteriology who was the first to discover the antibiotic penicillin, is very important in the history of antibiotics. Until then, doctors did not have effective means to treat infections like gonorrhea, rheumatism, pneumonia. With the discovery of penicillin, the era of antibacterial drugs began. Concerns expressed a few years ago that society may remain unarmed against infections, as before the discovery of antibiotics, are becoming a real threat [2]. The word "rational" is derived from the Latin word rationalis and means reasonable, thoughtful, purposeful, intelligent, clearly understood, based on new scientific methods [3]. The issue of rational use of medicines was first raised at an international conference of the World Health Organization in 1985 in Nairobi. The principles of rational use of medicines say that the patient must receive high-quality, safe and effective medicines when he needs them, taking into account his clinical characteristics, by individual doses, for the appropriate period, at appropriate intervals, only for a certain time, at an affordable price, with the right information [4]. The majority of the participants of the study stated that antibiotics kill bacteria and less than half - that it kills viruses. The study showed that less than half of the population treats themselves without consulting a doctor.</p> <p><strong>The aim</strong> of the study is to reveal the attitude of the population towards the rational use of antibiotics.</p> Zita Petravičienė Vida Bartašiūnienė Eligija Židonienė Copyright (c) 2021-06-15 2021-06-15 2 6 (294) 1 8 10.47458/Slauga.2021.2.11 The opinion of breast cancer patients on the non-pharmacological pain-relief methods <p><strong>Aim.</strong> To determine the opinions of II and III stage breast cancer patients on the non-pharmacological pain-relief methods.</p> <p><strong>Methods.</strong> The research was performed from November 2019 to January 2020 in the Oncology and Hematology department of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Kaunas Clinics. Patients completed a survey of 25 questions. 33 surveys were analysed. Statistical data analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 25.0 and Microsoft Excel 2016 software packages.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Almost half of the survey participants were unaware of the pain-relief methods, had not tried any of physical pain-relief methods and did not know or have an opinion about their effectiveness. Half of the survey participants thought that music, spiritual and cognitive behavioral therapies can relieve the pain. Also, more than half of the participants had not tried any psychological pain-relief methods and did not know or have an opinion about their effectiveness. More than half of the participants did not know if it is possible to reduce pain using medical marijuana, virtual reality glasses and hypnosis.</p> Evelina Mamčenkovaitė Aušra Lekauskaitė Copyright (c) 2021-06-15 2021-06-15 2 6 (294) 9 13 10.47458/Slauga.2021.2.12 Self–care teaching of patients with multimorbidity in primary health care <p>Population who is getting older and the increase of multimorbidity spread amongst it shows that the numbers of people who suffer from more than two chronic diseases will increase. Due to increasing multimorbidity, healthcare professionals have to observe the condition of each patient very carefully, teach how to manage it and help patients to adjust their behavior in order to avoid complications. Multimorbidity requires knowledge not only of separate diseases but also of their combinations. Community nurses have to set the priorities in nursing of patients with multimorbidity, but also to keep in mind other illnesses that the patient have. Only properly chosen methods of teaching improves Self–Care of patients.</p> <p><strong>The aim of the study</strong> – to evaluate Self–Care teaching of patients with multimorbidity in primary health care.</p> <p><strong>Research methods.</strong> Quantitative research was conducted using a written survey method to collect data. Research participants were the persons (n = 41) diagnosed with two or more chronic diseases.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> According to the research data, patients with multimorbidity are taught Self–Care in primary health care, but not all possible opportunities of teaching are exploited. Most patients with multimorbidity named that nurses assessed their knowledge of the health and Self–Care and provided them with new additional information; ensured communication with patients for prophylaxis purposes; taught how patients should properly follow their health indicators and highlighted, why it is important; specified what should be the health indicators of patients; encouraged patients to follow health indicators; gave booklets and leaflets which had relevant information on Self–Care.</p> Justina Steponkutė Nijolė Galdikienė Copyright (c) 2021-06-15 2021-06-15 2 6 (294) 14 21 10.47458/Slauga.2021.2.13 COVID-19 Vaccination <p>SARS-CoV-2 virusinė infekcija sukėlė didžiausią mūsų laikų pandemiją. Infekcija, kilusi Kinijoje, greitai paplito visuose žemynuose. Per kiek daugiau nei metus pasaulyje užregistruota beveik pusantro šimto milijonų susirgimų, daugiau nei trys milijonai žmonių nuo šios infekcijos mirė. XXI amžiaus pradžioje didžiavomės suvaldytomis infekcijomis, tačiau SARS-CoV-2 virusinė infekcija, sukelianti COVID-19 ligą, privertė žmoniją peržiūrėti daug mūsų visuomenės gyvenimo aspektų, prisiminti pagrindinius epidemiologijos ir infekcijų kontrolės dėsnius, juos taikyti didžiausiu mastu.</p> Vytautas Usonis Copyright (c) 2021-06-15 2021-06-15 2 6 (294) 22 26 A prepared book of recommendations needs to be done infection control <p>Grupė aukštos kvalifikacijos specialistų – medikų, epidemiologų ir kt. – susivienijo ir parengė praktine patirtimi, moksliniais tyrimais ir siūlymais paremtą rekomendacijų knygą, kuri bus naudinga visiems, kas nori sumažinti COVID-19 keliamas rizikas. Leidinys skirtas gydymo, slaugos ir kitoms asmens sveikatos priežiūros įstaigoms, tačiau gali būti adaptuotas ir kitoms organizacijoms bei įstaigoms, kurioms aktualu vykdyti infekcijų kontrolę.</p> SAM spaudos tarnyba Copyright (c) 2021-06-15 2021-06-15 2 6 (294) 27 27 Year of Health and Care Workers 2021 <p>2021 has been designated as the International Year of Health and Care Workers in appreciation and gratitude for their unwavering dedication in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic. WHO is launching a year-long campaign, under the theme –<strong>&nbsp;Protect. Invest. Together.&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong>It highlights the urgent need to invest in health workers for shared dividends in health, jobs, economic opportunity and equity.</p> Center of Excellence of Healthcare and Pharmacy Specialists informs Copyright (c) 2021-06-15 2021-06-15 2 6 (294) 28 29 Professional portrait of a prominent scientist <p>Pagerbiant sveikatos priežiūros darbuotojus, Lietuvos medicinos biblioteka neseniai išleido svarbų Lietuvos medikų bendruomenei leidinį „Profesorė habilituota daktarė Danutė Kalibatienė. Bibliografijos rodyklė“ (sudarė Ramutė Stankevičienė).</p> Teresė Gužauskienė Copyright (c) 2021-06-15 2021-06-15 2 6 (294) 30 30