Slauga. Mokslas ir praktika <p>Founded in 1997. The journal of the Center of Excellence of healthcare and Pharmacy Specialists is designed for nursing professionals, midwives, dental care professionals as well as for rehabilitation and public health specialists.</p> Sveikatos priežiūros ir farmacijos specialistų kompetencijų centras / Center of Excellence of Healthcare and Pharmacy Specialists lt-LT Slauga. Mokslas ir praktika 1648-0570 Real and Potential Nursing Problems of Obese Patients With COVID-19 Disease <p><strong>Problem.</strong> Obesity is associated with increased hospitalization, intensive care and risk of death in COVID-19 patients. Therefore, in order to ensure the best possible care for obese patients with coronavirus infection, it is necessary to identify real and potential problems in the care of obese patients with COVID-19 disease.</p> <p><strong>Aim.</strong> To analyze the real and potential problems of obese patients with COVID-19 disease.</p> <p><strong>Methods.</strong> A qualitative study was carried out using semi-structured interviews and data analysis using the qualitative content analysis method. The study participants were nurses working in the COVID-19 resuscitation unit.</p> <p><strong>Results and Conclusions.</strong> According to the statements of the nurses involved in the study, the following real nursing problems in obese patients with COVID-19 disease were identified: fever, respiratory failure, shortness of breath, cough, violations of skin integrity, increased sweating, lack of self-care, limited independent movement and dependence on staff, uncomfortable positioning on the belly, nutritional insufficiency, taste disturbance.<br>The study revealed the following potential nursing problems in obese patients with COVID-19 disease: death, sudden deterioration, fainting, panic attack, bedsores, infection, skin integrity violation, increased sweating, body wasting, obstipation, malnourished, choking and dehydration.</p> Greta Pranckūnaitė Vitalija Gerikienė Copyright (c) 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 (305) 1–9 1–9 10.47458/Slauga.2022.3.9 Quality of Life and Emotional State in Patients with Arterial Hypertension <p>An increasing number of patients with arterial hypertension are observed. The symptoms of arterial hypertension harm physical and mental health, causing discomfort that impairs quality of life and disrupts normal and stable life. Studies show that the emotional health of patients is deteriorating as a result of the disease, anxiety and depression are on the rise. The study aimed to analyze the scientific literature on the quality of life and emotional state of patients with arterial hypertension.</p> <p><strong>Research Methods</strong> – a Systematic Review of the Literature Articles published in the PubMed, ClinicalKey, Google Scholar, and EBSCO databases on Quality of Life and Emotional State in Patients with Arterial Hypertension. The results show that patients with arterial hypertension are at risk of depression or anxiety disorders, which worsen their emotional state and quality of life.</p> Paulė Palaitytė Aldona Mikaliūkštienė Copyright (c) 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 (305) 10–16 10–16 10.47458/Slauga.2022.3.10 Work Environment Evaluation by Nurses and its Connection to Employee Turnover <p>The working environment for nurses is being studied all around the world because of nursing staff turnover and increasing shortage of nurses. Healthy work environments establishment and maintenance is important for the well-being of nurses, their being in the organization, and the quality of patient care. Any change in this group may lead to a decrease in the efficiency of the organization.</p> <p><strong>The aim</strong> of the study was to investigate how do nurses evaluate work environment and how it‘s linked with employee turnover.</p> <p><strong>Methodology.</strong> Quantitative research was performed, the method of questionnaire survey was applied. There were 143 questionnaires filled by nurses in tertiary level hospital. For environment evaluation Eilen T. Lake's practice environment scale of the nursing work index was used, the rest of the questions were based on literature sources.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The working environment of nurses is generally favorable in most of the departments, only one department’s environment was rated as mixed work environment. The largest number of nurses employed in 2017-2020 time period was in intensive care units, and the highest number of nurses who left at the same time period were in therapeutic wards. The desire to accept another job offer and to consider staying or leaving the department among nurses was affected by nursing managers, their skills, leadership, support, human and work resources.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> This study confirms strong links between nursing leadership, human and work resources distribution, nursing staff turnover.</p> Indrė Rukštavičiūtė Renata Vimantaitė Copyright (c) 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 (305) 17–22 17–22 10.47458/Slauga.2022.3.11 Management of disease in nurses with varicose veins <p>In 2020, one of the main causes in Lithuania was circulatory system diseases [1]. One common disorder of the vascular system is varicose veins. There are no exact statistics on the number of patients with varicose veins in Lithuania. Varicose veins are a venous disease that affects about 30 percent of the world's population [2].</p> <p>This article examines the disease management of nurses with varicose veins in the legs. The study included infection in 10 nurses diagnosed with varicose veins in the legs.</p> <p>The study identified genetic predisposition, posture, and physical work and overweight as the main risk factors for leg venous varicose veins. All informants use compression therapy, but only a few perform it on a regular basis. Nurses must also be physically active and follow dietary recommendations that use ointments to improve blood circulation in the legs. Due to the absence of pronounced varicose veins in the legs and the discourse caused by preventive measures, the investigator does not apply preventive measures. The reasons for the application of preventive measures are the information provided by specialists and colleagues. Further progression of the disease is a possible reason for the use of preventive measures.</p> Greta Bingelytė Simona Paulikienė Copyright (c) 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 (305) 23–30 23–30 10.47458/Slauga.2022.3.12 Nursing Students' Attitude towards Complementary and Alternative Healthcare <p>Complementary and alternative healthcare has become very popular over the last decade almost all over the world. In 2021, the law on complementary and alternative healthcare was issued in Lithuania, which granted the right to healthcare professionals to practice this activity; those who have completed nursing studies are among them.</p> <p><strong>Aim of the study</strong> – to analyse the attitudes of general practice nursing students to complementary and alternative healthcare.</p> <p><strong>Methods.</strong> probability sampling, simple random method was chosen for the selection of subjects. A quantitative research method, questionnaire, was used to prepare this thesis. The study involved 82 general practice first to fourth year nursing students, who completed the questionnaire that was sent to the email of Vilnius College.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> 57% of the general practice nursing students indicated that they were only partially familiar with complementary and alternative healthcare, and as many as 68% of students know nothing about the law on this area. 26% fully agreed and 49% agreed that this area has a positive effect on the treatment of symptoms, and 30% fully agreed and 46% agreed that it effectively complements modern healthcare. 90% of students indicated that they would like to know more about complementary and alternative healthcare. 21% fully agreed and 51% agreed with the need for knowledge in this area for the future profession, while 18% fully agreed and 44% agreed that complementary and alternative healthcare should be included in the general practice nursing study programme.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The majority of general practice nursing students are insufficiently informed about complementary and alternative healthcare, but they are more positive about this area of healthcare and its application both in the study programme and in future professional practice.</p> Vakarė Gasperaitytė Svetlana Greičienė Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 (305) 31–38 31–38 Efektyvaus bendravimo įgūdžių formavimas <p>Parengta pagal Siobhan Chan publikaciją <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">„16 ways to improve your communication skills with patiens (9 January 2020)“</a>.</p> Lina Gedrimė Copyright (c) 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 (305) 39 39 Preparation of the General Practice Nursing students for first aid provision <p>First aid is an immediate focus in the event of the acute condition or trauma. Early identification of life threatening conditions and more urgent help providing reduces the mortality rate.</p> <p><strong>The aim of the study</strong> – to reveal the readiness of the students of the General Nursing Practice study program to provide first aid.</p> <p><strong>Research methods.</strong> Literature analysis was performed. The qualitative research method was chosen.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The study shows that students lack theoretical and practical knowledge to initiate resuscitation procedures to infants and children with trauma and massive bleeding. It was found that the initial resuscitation of adults has been sufficiently practiced in the training process, but most of the students do not trust their knowledge of the AED use. Most of the students rate their knowledge to be average, lacking practical knowledge and skills to achieve a good grade. The study also revealed that most of the students can provide first aid correctly, but only a small percentage of students noted very precise actions.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> It is estimated that the students are moderately confident in their knowledge of initial resus citation and needed actions to prevent choking in adults. However, they lack developed skills in dealing with traumas and acute conditions. According to the students, during the learning process, they lacked theoretical and practical knowledge in the cases of initial resuscitation and bleeding of infants and children. General nursing practice students are most motivated to provide first aid by professional motivation and internal factors. For some students providing first aid is made more difficult by the feeling of confusion and fear. In the end of teaching process of the first aid study subject, the students evaluated their knowledge as average.</p> Virginija Gutienė Rasa Juozapavičienė Aušra Freimanienė Vaiva Staniūtė Copyright (c) 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 (305) 40–46 40–46 Po dvejų metų pertraukos sugrįžo tradiciniai Nusipelniusių Lietuvos medikų apdovanojimai <p>Sostinės širdyje – Vilniaus rotušėje – po dvejų metų pertraukos vyko tradiciniai Sveikatos apsaugos ministerijos organizuojami Nusipelniusių Lietuvos medikų apdovanojimai. Už sunkų ir pasiaukojantį darbą bei nuopelnus sveikatos apsaugos sistemai, taip pat kovą su COVID-19 pandemija, ministras Arūnas Dulkys garbės ženklus įteikė beveik aštuoniasdešimčiai šalies gydytojų, slaugytojų ir sveikatos apsaugos darbuotojų.</p> SAM spaudos tarnyba Copyright (c) 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 (305) 47–48 47–48 Nusipelniusių Lietuvos medikų apdovanojimai 2022 <p>Nusipelniusių Lietuvos medikų apdovanojimai 2022.</p> SAM spaudos tarnyba Copyright (c) 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 (305) 49–50 49–50 Nė vienas iš mūsų nesijaučiame didvyriais <p>Į Lietuvą iš dviejų savaičių trukmės misijos Ukrainoje grįžo Respublikinės Vilniaus universitetinės ligoninės vyresnioji slaugytoja Daiva Jociunskienė, vyriausiojo slaugos administratoriaus pavaduotoja Violeta Nomeikienė ir gydytojas ortopedas traumatologas Simonas Sereika. Medikai sako tikėjęsi patekti į karo veiksmų sūkurį, tačiau dėl saugumo pagalbą Ukrainos žmonėms teikė prie Moldovos sienos esančioje ligoninėje. Joje gydytojai konsultavo pacientus, atliko mokomąsias operacijas ir į namus išsivežė suvokimą, koks pažangus ir geras gyvenimas yra Lietuvoje.</p> Dalia Smagurauskaitė Copyright (c) 2022-05-25 2022-05-25 3 5 (305) 51–54 51–54