Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas <p>Founded in 1997. Publishes articles on the critical study of contemporary social and cultural change – including the shifting status of sociology itself –&nbsp;from a variety of perspectives.</p> en-US <p>Please read the Copyright Notice in&nbsp;<a href="">Journal Policy</a>.&nbsp;</p> (Liutauras Kraniauskas) (Vigintas Stancelis) Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 I – “miesjcova“, You – “przyjiezny”: Drawing the Boundary of Identity in Šalčininkai District <p class="ISSN-abst-vidus" xml:lang="lt-LT">In this article, I seek to investigate how people living in the Šalčininkai district perceive the cultural boundary between&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">locals</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">newcomers</em>. Based on biographical interviews collected during the ethnographic field research, I argue that historical circumstances and frequent changes in state affiliation have influenced the drawing of the cultural boundary between locals and newcomers. In the article, I present how this division is understood by people of different generations living in the Šalčininkai district.</p> <p class="ISSN-abst-vidus" xml:lang="lt-LT">The cultural boundary between locals and newcomers is very important to the oldest generation (born before World War II). People who grew up during Soviet times understand this boundary and its significance, but pay less attention to it. The youngest generation (people born around 1990) perceive this cultural boundary as a useless remnant of the past and want to distance themselves from it.</p> Vidmantas Vyšniauskas Copyright (c) 2021 Authors Thu, 18 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Transitions from Cohabitation to Marriage or Separation among the Birth Cohort of 1970–1984 in Lithuania <p>This paper aims to analyse the impact of demographic and social factors on first partnership in Lithuania – the duration of premarital cohabitation, the sustainability of such relationships, and the transition into marriage. The research is based on the 2019 Family and Inequality Survey of 1970–1984 birth cohorts. Data analysis shows that most young people began their first partnership as a cohabitation rather than marriage, and the average premarital time spent in a cohabitation increases within this cohort. Cohabitation eventually transitions into marriage, and five years after the start of cohabitation, almost all cohabitants marry, and only a small percentage of cohabitating unions dissolve. Based on Cox regression analysis, the level of education and finished studies, as well as pregnancy, are significant predictors of the transition from cohabitation to marriage. The results of the research show that three decades after the beginning of the spread of cohabitation in Lithuania, cohabitation competes with marriage, but it does not challenge the importance of marriage as an institution of childbearing and upbringing.</p> Irma Dirsytė Copyright (c) 2021 Authors Thu, 18 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Between the Critique of Socialism and Childhood Nostalgia: The Memory of Soviet Era in the Life Stories of the 1970s Generation <p>The article examines the autobiographical memory of the 1970s generation about the Soviet era. This generation, born in 1970–1979, is interesting for research because of its socialization in two different social and political systems: its childhood and adolescence date back to the Soviet period, while the beginning of adulthood coincides with the collapse of socialism and the restoration of democracy. Based on an analysis of life stories of the 1970s generation, the article explores features of memory of this generation, how it corresponds to the discourse of autobiographical memory of the Soviet era, as well as the generation’s role in the intergenerational transmission of Soviet-era family memory.</p> Irena Šutinienė Copyright (c) 2020 Authors Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Editorial Board and Table of Contents <p>none</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Authors Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Author Guidelines and Bibliographic Data <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Copyright (c) 2019 Authors Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000 The Genealogy of the Political. The Age of Heroes and the Revolt of Youth <p>The article discusses the genesis of the political by treating this phenomena as a distinctive interaction between political and religious factors. The aim is to carry out the reconstruction of the premises of the political of ancient Greeks, by distinguishing its particular historic development features, exclusively characteristic for the Ancient Greece context. The rites of passage of Greek social communities are analyzed in order to understand why its youth initiation structure, formed during the Greek Dark Ages, became the basic model for Western Civilisation. The role of youth groups, the phenomena of Greek heroes, the educational structure of the young soldier class (<em xml:lang="ar-SA">ephebeia</em>), and the first ever political revolution, initiated by Lycurgus, are examined by reconstructing the genealogy of the political.</p> Raimondas Kazlauskas Copyright (c) 2019 Authors Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Vytautas Kavolis: Liberalism and Metaphysics <p>The article deals with the Lithuanian-American political scholar Vytautas Kavolis’s approach to the metaphysical foundations of liberalism. It is argued that the scholar’s position in regard to this question has changed as time passed. Until the 1970s, Kavolis defended the position that pure (philosophical) liberalism does not presuppose any&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">a priori</em>&nbsp;metaphysics. It doesn’t dictate to its partisans in a normative way what they have to think about God, to accept His existence or not, or how they ought to treat reality as a whole. According to Kavolis, pure liberalism is neutral with regard to God and reality as a whole. It is an empty form in the metaphysical sense. The right to fill up an empty form with a metaphysical content is delegated to an individual in pure liberalism. From the 1970s, Kavolis took a much more moderate position regarding the metaphysical foundations of liberalism. In his view, pure liberalism is founded on some metaphysical presuppositions – namely, the metaphysical conception of order. Inquiring Kavolis’ approach to the meta­physical foundations of liberalism, wide attention is paid to its context of origin as well.</p> Alvydas Noreika Copyright (c) 2019 Authors Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000 The Transformation of the Soviet Agriculture <p>The Soviet past is crucial in understanding the processes of transformation of the Lithuanian kolkhoz system into the farming practices of free-market economy. The violent and forced incorporation of the nation-states into the Soviet Union radically transformed societies. In our analysis of kolkhoz system and its transformations, we use two different concepts –&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">Soviet modernity</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">modernity of the Soviet period.</em>&nbsp;These concepts let us to approach the agricultural project of the Soviet collective farming as an alternative system of social institutions for implementation of industrial farming of modern society. The concept of&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">entangled modernity</em>&nbsp;refers to interaction of two trends of modernization and defines the kolkhoz as a hybrid or a result of intertwining of two models of modernity – the universal and the Soviet one. By applying the concept of entangled modernity and hybrids to the interpretation of the kolkhoz’s post-Soviet transformation, the article explores the experiences of social actors and the inevitable human and material losses of the hybrid’s transformation. In our theoretical interpretation, we use data from interviews with former agents of the kolkhoz system and legislative documents.</p> Vylius Leonavičius | Eglė Ozolinčiūtė Copyright (c) 2019 Authors Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Transition to Adulthood: Leaving the Parental Home in the Last Soviet and the First Post-Soviet Generation <p>The article presents a research on trajectories of leaving the parental home in the last Soviet and the first post-Soviet generations. It focuses on social transformation of the state during the transition from the Soviet to the post-Soviet and its impact on the life-course of these generations. In our study, we applied a dyadic approach and conducted semi-structured interviews with women of the last Soviet generation (born in 1962–1972) and their children (born in 1992–2002), who represent the first post-Soviet generation. Early changes in and the differentiation of the timetable of transition to adulthood of the last Soviet generation indicated a declining effect of ideologically supported social structures on the life-course of young adults and the growing power of individual decision to leave the parental home or stay within. The rapidly increasing globalization and a transformed economy shaped a new structural environment for the coming of age for the first post-Soviet generation; therefore, we can interpret the further pluralization, de-standardization, and differentiation of the timetable of the transition to adulthood of this generation as a reaction of young people to the emerging risks and insecurities.</p> Laura Daukšaitė Copyright (c) 2019 Authors Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Apparitions of Virgin Mary: Sociological Analysis <p>&nbsp;The main purpose of this article is to discuss the social aspects of the apparitions of the Virgin Mary, the development of apparition places, as well as the motivation and behavioral characteristics of pilgrims going to the miraculous places of the Virgin Mary in Lithuania. The article reviews the criteria recognized by the Church for assessment of the authenticity of apparitions, their characteristics, paradigm, and other scientific researches, a list of the Vatican-approved apparitions and apparition places in Lithuania. We used the main elements of the paradigm of apparitions for an empirical study of the officially recognized apparition in Šiluva, Lithuania. Finally, we also explore the complex motivation of religious tourism and pilgrimage. It relates to the manifestation of pilgrims’ personal or community values and identity as well as other cognitive or social motives. The paper concludes that the apparitions of the Virgin Mary take place in locations where social groups resist political, social, or moral change. Therefore, places of apparitions become a continuously re-created and re-interpreted social reality.</p> Darius Liutikas Copyright (c) 2019 Authors Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000