Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas <p>Founded in 1997 and dedicated to publishing articles on&nbsp;contemporary social and cultural change, development of social theory and the shifting status of sociology itself.</p> en-US <p>Please read the Copyright Notice in&nbsp;<a href="http://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/journalpolicy">Journal Policy</a>.&nbsp;</p> liutauras.kraniauskas@gmail.com (Liutauras Kraniauskas) vigintas.stancelis@kf.vu.lt (Vigintas Stancelis) Wed, 30 Mar 2022 07:33:17 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Creative Activities and Collaboration on Web 2.0: Towards a New Typology of Prosumption https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/27432 <p>The concept of prosumption is commonly used to identify and analyse the specificities of activities on Web 2.0. This article provides the minimal and maximal definition of the concept by decomposing available conceptualisations. Including maximal number of mutually consistent attributes, it amounts to the definition of the ideal type of prosumption. The paper critically assesses the existing classifications of prosumption, and proposes a new, more systematic typology. It is designed on the basis of three conceptual dimensions: 1) the nature of the prosumptive activities in collaborative terms (individual/collaborative); 2) the primary reason for engaging in a prosumptive activity (prosumption in order to create/prosumption in order to use); 3) the level of training required from the prosumer (conditionally divided into “specialist” and “amateur”). The eight types formulated cover essentially the whole spectrum of prosumptive activities and direct to the more detailed empirical studies of motivations and intensity of engagement in prosumption.</p> Rima Žilinskaitė Copyright (c) 2022 Authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/27432 Thu, 28 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Filipino “Backer System” in the Maritime Industry: The Privileged Access to Seafaring Jobs https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/27433 <p>Drawing from the narratives of twenty-eight global Filipino seafarers and two Crewing Managers, this paper analyzes how Bourdieu’s notion of social capital is utilized through the Filipino “backer system”. The “backer system” refers to a legitimated practice in the maritime industry where an applicant seeks a backer or a patron to recommend him to a manning agency to launch his seafaring career. This practice, however, is governed by characteristics that define the power relations among the social actors. The backer system emphasizes why strong ties matter – how the utilization of family social capital and ethnic ties mobilizes a jobseeker’s career and how prospective seafarers usually access these ties. As social capital is a network of trust and reciprocity, the Filipino value of&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">utang na loob</em>&nbsp;reflects the nature of the transaction enclosed in the “backer system”.&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">Utang na loob</em>&nbsp;refers to debt of goodwill where one who receives favor from another is morally required to return the favor. However, as polarizing as it is, the principle of&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">utang na loob</em>&nbsp;is shaped as symbolic capital and symbolic violence. As a capital, it transforms a disadvantaged position into an advantaged one, where economic and instrumental gains are received. When the transaction becomes abusive and exploitative, it becomes symbolic violence. Premised on an unequal endowment of social capital, the “backer system” reproduces inequality, where those with merit and cultural capital fail to advance their careers because their social capital is non-existent or inadequate.</p> Marjorie Ablanido Maido Copyright (c) 2022 Authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/27433 Thu, 28 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Editorial Board and Table of Contents https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/26600 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Copyright (c) 2021 Authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/26600 Wed, 30 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Book Publishing Patterns in Social Sciences and Humanities in Lithuania: Analysing Trends in DB “Lituanistika” https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/26599 <p>The aim of this article is to reconstruct and analyse scholarly book (or monograph) publication patterns in Lithuanian Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) registered in national database “Lituanistika”. Database “Lituanistika” provides a good starting point and repository of empirical data as it indexes and abstracts different types of scholarly publications in SSH, monographs included. The empirical part of the research consists of finding registered monographs, attributing them to the individual SSH disciplines, comparing the number of monographs and scholarly articles in various SSH, and retracing the timeline of registered monographs across different disciplines etc. The analytical approach of our research is based on an idea of (social) constructivism. We aim at reconstructing the motives behind the publishing of scholarly books or abstaining from such practice. In this article we argue that the motives to publish (or not to publish) a scholarly book are a product of a broader Lithuanian social, institutional and disciplinary context, which influences and regulates the actions of individual SSH researchers.</p> Aldis Gedutis | Kęstutis Kirtiklis | Liutauras Kraniauskas Copyright (c) 2022 Authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/26599 Wed, 30 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Crisis of the Political. Polis and an Individual https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/26269 <p>The article discusses the crisis of the political, treating this phenomenon as an interactive constellation of political, over-political and apolitical factors. The aim is to reconstruct the assumptions of the crisis and highlight its main features in the context of ancient Greece. Under the influence of Dionysian religion, theater was established as a compelling and universally accessible authority to legitimize democracy. Therefore my analysis focuses on the social change after which democracy was no longer perceived as a form of governance but as a form of collective ownership. The article explains how the unbridled demonstration of power quickly erased the long-cherished principle of verbal argumentation and pushed Greeks to practice of power politics. It is shown how, with the establishment of autocracy, parallel interchange between political and anti-political institutions emerged in the Greek polis.</p> Raimondas Kazlauskas Copyright (c) 2020 Authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/26269 Mon, 07 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Editorial Board and Table of Contents https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/26270 Copyright (c) 2020 Authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/26270 Mon, 07 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 “There is a Time for Departure Even when There’s no Certain Place to Go”: the Twisting Path to Selfhood and Adulthood https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/24709 <p>In today’s post-industrial societies, young people, compared to previous generations, experience longer and more complex processes of creating professional identity, developing a career or finding “one’s vocation”. They also face difficulties in achieving financial independence, starting a family, and leaving parental homes, which altogether define the status of an adult person. Based on the overview of sociological and psychological scholarly literature, the complexity of young people’s identity formation in the context of a passage towards social maturity is analysed. The most significant tensions related to the question of “who am I and what do I want” are emphasized in the article, together with the circumstances of contemporary society that stimulate them. (Non-)applicability of the concept of the quarter-life crisis is finally highlighted in order to summarise, reflect, and explain some of the experiences and life events of young people. The title of the article is a famous quotation of Tennessee Williams.</p> Milda Pivoriūtė Copyright (c) 2021 Authors https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/24709 Mon, 06 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analytical Philosophy of History on the Second Wave of Serfdom: Revival of the Theoretical History of Central Europe https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/24274 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Nerijus Babinskas Copyright (c) 2021 Authors http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/24274 Mon, 21 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 I – “miesjcova“, You – “przyjiezny”: Drawing the Boundary of Identity in Šalčininkai District https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/22959 <p class="ISSN-abst-vidus" xml:lang="lt-LT">In this article, I seek to investigate how people living in the Šalčininkai district perceive the cultural boundary between&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">locals</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em xml:lang="ar-SA">newcomers</em>. Based on biographical interviews collected during the ethnographic field research, I argue that historical circumstances and frequent changes in state affiliation have influenced the drawing of the cultural boundary between locals and newcomers. In the article, I present how this division is understood by people of different generations living in the Šalčininkai district.</p> <p class="ISSN-abst-vidus" xml:lang="lt-LT">The cultural boundary between locals and newcomers is very important to the oldest generation (born before World War II). People who grew up during Soviet times understand this boundary and its significance, but pay less attention to it. The youngest generation (people born around 1990) perceive this cultural boundary as a useless remnant of the past and want to distance themselves from it.</p> Vidmantas Vyšniauskas Copyright (c) 2021 Authors http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/22959 Thu, 18 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Transitions from Cohabitation to Marriage or Separation among the Birth Cohort of 1970–1984 in Lithuania https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/22960 <p>This paper aims to analyse the impact of demographic and social factors on first partnership in Lithuania – the duration of premarital cohabitation, the sustainability of such relationships, and the transition into marriage. The research is based on the 2019 Family and Inequality Survey of 1970–1984 birth cohorts. Data analysis shows that most young people began their first partnership as a cohabitation rather than marriage, and the average premarital time spent in a cohabitation increases within this cohort. Cohabitation eventually transitions into marriage, and five years after the start of cohabitation, almost all cohabitants marry, and only a small percentage of cohabitating unions dissolve. Based on Cox regression analysis, the level of education and finished studies, as well as pregnancy, are significant predictors of the transition from cohabitation to marriage. The results of the research show that three decades after the beginning of the spread of cohabitation in Lithuania, cohabitation competes with marriage, but it does not challenge the importance of marriage as an institution of childbearing and upbringing.</p> Irma Dirsytė Copyright (c) 2021 Authors http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.journals.vu.lt/sociologija-mintis-ir-veiksmas/article/view/22960 Thu, 18 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000