Interaction of EU Financial Interest and Legal Principles in EU Criminal Law
Edita Gruodytė
Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania
Saulė Milčiuvienė
Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania
Rasa Volungevičienė
Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania
Reda Molienė
Vytautas Magnus University
Published 2022-03-30


European Union financial interests
European Union criminal law
general principles of law
operation of directives
protection of fundamental rights

How to Cite

Gruodytė E., Milčiuvienė S., Volungevičienė R. and Molienė R. (2022) “Interaction of EU Financial Interest and Legal Principles in EU Criminal Law”, Teisė, 122, pp. 22-35. doi: 10.15388/Teise.2022.122.2.


This article examines the intersection differing the supremacy of law, the effectiveness of the protection of the financial interests of the European Union, and the principles of legality the same as predictability of the law in EU criminal law. The authors analyze the jurisprudence of the Court of Justice, assessing cases where the principle of the supremacy of EU law is applied to ensure the effective protection of the Union’s financial interests and where the ECJ imposes mandatory exceptions to this principle for national courts. In order to strike a balance between the principles of effectiveness and legal predictability, different liability conditions are assessed for a natural person and a Member State that fails to fulfill its obligation to protect the EU’s financial interests.

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