Atypical Fibroxanthoma: An unexpected cause of hemoptysis
Case studies
Konstantinos Mantzouranis
1st Pulmonology Department Sismanogleio Hospital, Athens, Greece
Vasiliki Epameinondas Georgakopoulou
Laiko General Hospital
Serafeim Chlapoutakis
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Agios Savvas Hospital, Athens, Greece
Despoina Melemeni
1st Pulmonology Department Sismanogleio Hospital, Athens, Greece
Christos Damaskos
Second Department of Propedeutic Surgery, Laiko General Hospital, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece N.S. Christeas Laboratory of Experimental Surgery and Surgical Research, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Nikolaos Garmpis
Second Department of Propedeutic Surgery, Laiko General Hospital, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece N.S. Christeas Laboratory of Experimental Surgery and Surgical Research, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Pagona Sklapani
Department of Cytology, Mitera Hospital, Athens, Greece
Nikolaos Trakas
Department of Biochemistry, Sismanogleio Hospital, Athens, Greece
Xanthi Tsiafaki
1st Pulmonology Department Sismanogleio Hospital, Athens, Greece
Published 2021-04-29
https://doi.org/10.15388/Amed.2021.28.1.16
PDF
HTML

Keywords

atypical fibroxanthoma
pulmonary metastases
hemoptysis

How to Cite

Mantzouranis K., Georgakopoulou V. E., Chlapoutakis S., Melemeni D., Damaskos C., Garmpis N., Sklapani P., Trakas N. and Tsiafaki X. (2021) “Atypical Fibroxanthoma: An unexpected cause of hemoptysis”, Acta medica Lituanica, 28(1), pp. 165-169. doi: 10.15388/Amed.2021.28.1.16.

Abstract

Atypical fibroxanthoma is an infrequent, low-grade superficial cutaneous neoplasm, usually presenting as a nodule or plaque of red color. It is considered as a superficial variant of pleomorphic dermal sarcoma. Although atypical fibroxanthoma has similar histologic features to pleomorphic dermal sarcoma, it has less aggressive behavior. Atypical fibroxanthoma usually occurs on sun-exposed regions of the head and neck of elderly patients. Ultraviolet light, specific genetic mutations and administration of immunosuppressive agents to transplant recipients have been associated with the pathogenesis of the tumor. The prognosis is typically excellent when treated with complete excision of the primary lesion. This report describes the rare case of a 84-year-old man with hemoptysis due to metastatic cutaneous atypical fibroxanthoma.

PDF
HTML
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Most read articles by the same author(s)