The aim of the investigation is to establish the correspondence between the outcomes of Lithuanian language and literature education laid down by the educational policy for secondary schools, and the specific assessment criteria of Lithuanian language and literature matura examination. With this aim in view (on the one hand), educational documents on regulating the Lithuanian language and literature education in general secondary schools are analysed (Lithuanian Language Education Strategy for 2010–2014, Lithuanian Language and Literature Framework Programme for Secondary Education) on the basis of which the Lithuanian language and literature education outcomes have been defined. On the other hand, the state matura examination syllabus and the construct of the Lithuanian language and literature exam are analysed for establishing whether the outcomes of education in the Lithuanian language and literature are adequately assessed by the language and literature state matura examination.
The study shows that the main outcomes in the education of the subject under investigation – the development of cultural, social and civic, communicative and creativity competencies – are evaluated by the matura examination only in part because of the enormous number of requirements set out for the task (essay) and the lack of flexibility in assessment criteria.
The Lithuanian language and literature outcomes in secondary education could be more successfull achieved if the following conditions were observed: 1) the definition of argumentative essay should be modified, allowing students to choose their own references to the contents of Lithuanian literature and cultural phenomena; 2) themes of the literary essay should not require the evaluation of works of various authors or reviews of the development of literature, but the awareness of the specificity of an individual author and the ability to perform an in-depth literary analysis; 3) criterion-referenced assessment should be liberated from the precise calculation of errors and be based on a holistic approach.
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