Structures with BŪDAMAS: their semantics and morphosyntactic marking
Loreta Vaičiulytė-Semėnienė
The Institute of the Lithuanian Language
Published 2010-10-25



How to Cite

Vaičiulytė-Semėnienė L. (2010) “Structures with BŪDAMAS: their semantics and morphosyntactic marking”, Lietuvių kalba, (4), pp. 1-13. doi: 10.15388/LK.2010.22853.


 The paper discusses half-participle structures where the half-participle of būti (‘to be') functions as a copula. The discussion is based on extensive typological linguistic research and universal grammatical hierarchies. Such structures function as free secondary predicates: either as (a) depictives or as (b) circumstantial predicates, cf. (a) Kalanta mirtį pasirinko būdamas devyniolikmetis (‘Kalanta Nom [his] death Acc chose being Nom a nineteen-year old Nom'); (b) Būdamas mažas ganė gyvulius (‘Being Nom small Nom [=a child] [he] pastured herds Acc'). Typically, in unmarked cases, circumstantial predicates are used (but not confined to the position) before the main predicate thus constituting part of a sentence and (or) analytically. Depictives, however, tend to occur after the main predicate and are encoded as a bare case.
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Please read the Copyright Notice in Journal Policy