Heart perforation by pacemaker: a case report
Clinical Practice
Lina Pankratjevaitė
Diana Samiatina-Morkūnienė
Published 2015-01-01
https://doi.org/10.15388/LietChirur.2015.3.8775
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Keywords

pacemaker
complications
cardiac perforation
thoracoscopy

How to Cite

1.
Pankratjevaitė L, Samiatina-Morkūnienė D. Heart perforation by pacemaker: a case report. LS [Internet]. 2015Jan.1 [cited 2022Aug.13];14(3):176-80. Available from: https://www.journals.vu.lt/lietuvos-chirurgija/article/view/8775

Abstract

Background
Cardiac perforation is a rare complication of pacemaker or implantable defibrillator implantation. Patients with cardiac perfo­ration may present with various symptoms, and sometimes it creates real diagnostic difficulties.
Case report
We report the case of an 80-year-old patient with a sick sinus syndrome. He underwent the implantation of a dual chamber permanent pacemaker complicated by cardiac perforation, haemopericardium, and right haemothorax. The patient felt un­well a few hours after the procedure had been done. However, the cardiac perforation was confirmed by chest computed tomography just five days after the pacemaker implantation had been performed. Migrated lead was removed by an electro­physiologist with the backup of surgeons under thoracoscopy control. Next day the migrated lead was changed with a new one, and the patient left the hospital on the sixteenth day after pacemaker implantation.
Conclusions
Literature says that the big part of migrated pacemakers’ leads could be removed safely by simple traction under X-ray or echocardiography monitoring in the operating room, with a surgeon team backup. We have done it successfully with a tho­racoscope control.

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