The Etymologies of Perkūnas and aitivaras
Norbert Ostrowski
Published 2018-12-20

How to Cite

Ostrowski N. (2018) “The Etymologies of Perkūnas and aitivaras”, Vilnius University Open Series, (1), pp. 39-43. doi: 10.15388/Proceedings.2018.3.


[full article and abstract in Lithuanian; abstract in English]

The present paper consists of two parts. The first one is dedicated to the etymology of the Lithuanian noun perkūnas (“thunder, thunderbolt”). According to the author, perkūnas is a derivative with a possessive suffix -Hon- / -Hn from the IDE *perkwu-s (“oak”). The second part concerns the origin of the Lithuanian aitvaras (“supernatural being,” OLith. aitvaras). The analyzed noun is an instance of the so-called Caland system in the Baltic languages, and it traces back to the older compound word with the meaning *“being bestowed with flaming power.”

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