The Archeology of Speech. Language as a Testimony to the History of Lithuania in Franciszek Ksawery Bohusz’s Thesis „On the Origins of the Lithuanian Nation and Language“
Articles
Olaf Krysowski
Uniwersytet Warszawski, Polska
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7778-856X
Published 2021-02-23
https://doi.org/10.15388/PZOP.2020.9
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Keywords

Franciszek Ksawery Bohusz
Lietuva
herulai
istorija
kalba
etimologija
etnologija
etnogenezė

How to Cite

Krysowski O. (2021) “The Archeology of Speech. Language as a Testimony to the History of Lithuania in Franciszek Ksawery Bohusz’s Thesis „On the Origins of the Lithuanian Nation and Language“”, Vilnius University Open Series, pp. 139-157. doi: 10.15388/PZOP.2020.9.

Abstract

Franciszek Ksawery Bohusz (1746–1820) was a philosopher, theologist, Jesuit, political activist, participant of the Kościuszko Uprising, member of the Warsaw Society of Friends of Science, honorary member of the Vilnius University, translator and publisher of the Napoleon Code, who was also the author of the thesis On the Origins of the Lithuanian Nation and Language (1808). The thesis was written in an effort to save from forgetting the traditions of the people whose language, as the author noted, gradually “diminished” and “faded” at the beginning of the nineteenth century, being crowded out by Polish which was used in various areas of everyday life. Bohusz’s work turned out to be a significant voice, a testament which raised interest of many Lithuanian culture researchers. It contributed to the longterm study of the history of the Lithuanian nation and language by numerous Vilnius University professors and students.

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