The Development of the Written Culture in Eastern Bulgaria Before 971
Сергей Юрьевич Темчин
Вильнюсский университет
Published 2000-12-01

How to Cite

Юрьевич Темчин С. (2000) “The Development of the Written Culture in Eastern Bulgaria Before 971”, Slavistica Vilnensis, 49(2), pp. 61–77. doi: 10.15388/SV.2000.23120.


The history of the Eastern Bulgarian written culture of 680–971 can be divided into five periods: 1) 680–864, e.g., the period of the pre-Christian Bulgarian state, with a rudimentary written tradition in place; 2) 864–886, the point of culmination of Greek literacy in Christian Bulgaria before the arrival of Slavic bookmen expelled from Pannonia; 3) 886–893, the preparatory stage for the introduction of Church Slavonic liturgical books into official use; 4) 893–927, the reign of Tsar Symeon, when the Cyrillic alphabet was created and used as a specifically secular writing system; 5) 927–971, the reign of Tsar Peter and Tsar Boris II, when Church Slavonic liturgical books in Eastern Bulgaria were transcribed from Glagolitic into Cyrillic (presumably in the 930’s–940’s).

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