Localized pyopneumothorax treated with a vacuum-assisted closure system
Clinical Practice
Žymantas Jagelavičius
Gediminas Vaitėnas
Vytautas Jovaišas
Ričardas Janilionis
Published 2015-03-31


pleural empyema
VAC therapy
open window thoracostomy

How to Cite

Jagelavičius Žymantas, Vaitėnas G, Jovaišas V, Janilionis R. Localized pyopneumothorax treated with a vacuum-assisted closure system. LS [Internet]. 2015Mar.31 [cited 2022Nov.29];14(1):46-1. Available from: https://www.journals.vu.lt/lietuvos-chirurgija/article/view/5331


A 52-year-old male was admitted to the Department of General Thoracic Surgery with a right-side localized pyopneumothorax that showed no improvement after conservative treatment. Open-window thoracostomy was created due to the presence of bronchopleural fistula. The capacity of the cavity was 600 ml. On the 11th postoperative day, a spontaneous closure of the bronchopleural fistula occurred. Later, a vacuum-assisted device was used for the residual empyema cavity treatment. It was used for 15 days, sponges were changed every 5 days. The residual cavity reduced in size six times (till 100 ml). The patient was discharged for a daily dressing changing at the outpatient department. After two months the patient was ready for a radical closure of open-window thoracostomy. The postoperative period was uneventful. The case shows that the vacuum-assisted closure therapy can be safely used in open-window thoracostomy after pleural empyema. This method reduces the duration of open-window thoracostomy and accelerates surgical closure.


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