Cynicism and Nihilism
Articles
Mintautas Gutauskas
Published 2012-01-01
https://doi.org/10.15388/Relig.2012.0.2741
PDF

Keywords

cynicism
nihilism
realism
Nietzsche

How to Cite

Gutauskas M. (2012) “Cynicism and Nihilism”, Religija ir kultūra, 100, pp. 22-31. doi: 10.15388/Relig.2012.0.2741.

Abstract

This article compares cynicism and nihilism, based on their ontological premises. One can notice that they are frequently considered as identical in the public discourse; indeed, they seem similar due to their relationship with morality and values; they both exercise negation and unmasking. However, it can be proven that they differ in terms of their ontological premises: while cynicism is based on the cynical realism, which is constituted in the perspective of the naked truth, nihilism is a form of thinking, which annihilates the possibility of realism itself and extinguishes the distinction between reality and illusion. Both of them are also compared from the aspect of reflexivity: nihilism is shown as a reflective thinking, while cynicism turns out to be a “practical” thinking without self-reflection. Finally, it is shown that although the truth of both nihilism and cynicism is enrooted in performativity, it is constituted differently by the way of unmasking.

PDF
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Please read the Copyright Notice in Journal Policy