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Authors should present an accurate account of the work performed (an objective account of its significance). Details and references must be sufficient enough to permit others to replicate the work. Research results should be interpreted correctly to avoid damage to the trust in the journal.
Authors are responsible for assuring that data, results, quotes, citations, images and/or other materials in the manuscript are not fabricated or manipulated and cited accordingly. Proper acknowledgement of the work of others must always be given.
The journal publishes only original works which have neither been published elsewhere nor is under review elsewhere. Exceptions are only for new works which expand previous works. Authors are asked to provide information on the re-use of the material. Unethical publishing behaviour is constituted if a single study is split up into several parts to increase the number of submissions.
The journal uses Crossref Similarity Check powered by iThenticate to check for duplication and attribution in submitted manuscripts. Manuscripts that are found to have been used in other works without proper acknowledgement will occur immediate rejection.
All researchers, listed in the list of the authors, should have made a significant impact in preparing the manuscript and share collective responsibility and accountability for the results. All, who have made a significant contribution, must be included in the list of the authors. After acceptance of a manuscript changes of authorship or order of the authors is not possible.
Any financial or another impactful conflict of interests which could influence the results or their interpretation should be disclosed. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the paper in question. It includes the prompt publication of an erratum or, in the most severe cases, the complete retraction of the affected work.
If unsure, declare a potential interest or discuss with the editorial office. Submissions with undeclared conflicts that are later revealed may be rejected. Published papers may need to be re-assessed or in serious cases be retracted.
- Financial – funding and other payments, goods and services received or expected by the authors relating to the subject of the work or from an organisation with interest in the outcome of the work.
- Affiliations – being employed by, on the advisory board for, or a member of an organisation with interest in the outcome of the work.
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- Personal – friends, family, relationships, and other close personal connections.
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- Academic – competitors or someone whose work is critiqued.
At a submission, stage authors must declare all potential interests and should explain why the interest may be a conflict. If there are none, the authors should state “The author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this paper.” Submitting authors are responsible for co-authors declaring their interests.
Authors must declare current or recent funding (including for article processing charges) and other payments, goods or services that might influence the work. All funding, whether a conflict or not, must be declared in the Acknowledgments.
The involvement of anyone other than the authors who 1) has an interest in the outcome of the work; 2) is affiliated to an organization with such an interest; or 3) was employed or paid by a funder, in the commissioning, conception, planning, design, conduct, or analysis of the work, the preparation or editing of the manuscript or the decision to publish must be declared. Declared conflicts of interest will be considered by the editor and reviewers and included in the published paper.
Editors and Reviewers
Editors and reviewers should not be involved with a submission when they:
- Have a recent publication or current submission with any author;
- Share or recently shared an affiliation with any author;
- Collaborate or recently collaborated with any author;
- Have a close personal connection to any author;
- Have a financial interest in the subject of the work;
- Feel unable to be objective.
The journal aims to avoid assigning submissions to editors, and inviting reviewers, who have a conflict; they should decline in any of the above situations and declare any conflicts with the journal.
Reviewers must declare their interests in the ‘Confidential’ section of the review form, which will be considered by the editor. Close competitors should consider declining.
Editors and reviewers must declare if they have previously discussed the manuscript with the authors.
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- The paper is original and does not infringe any copyright or violate any other right of any third parties.
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