A note on epistemic and effective meanings of the Polish perfective and imperfective
Agata Kochańska
University of Warsaw, Poland
Published 2021-07-26


verbal aspect
clausal grounding
non-past indicative

How to Cite

Kochańska A. (2021) “A note on epistemic and effective meanings of the Polish perfective and imperfective”, Vilnius University Open Series, pp. 189-205. doi: 10.15388/SBOL.2021.10.


The paper offers an analysis of selected uses of the Polish perfective and imperfective in the non-past indicative and in the imperative construction. In uses under consideration, both the perfective and the imperfective refer to a single complete occurrence of a telic process and, hence, the semantic contrast between them is not a matter of distinctions such as boundedness/unboundedness, completion/non-completion, telicity/atelicity, punctuality/durativity, etc. The paper presents a qualitative analysis of selected corpus examples which is aimed at elucidating the nature of the relevant contrast. The claim advocated in the course of the discussion is that the perfective/imperfective contrast may play a role in the system of clausal grounding in Polish, as it may convey the idea of, respectively, epistemic and/or effective non-immediacy/immediacy of the profiled process relative to the ground.

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