The Difficulites for European Identity: Discourse, Culture, Politics and Post-nationalism
Andrius Švarplys
Published 2008-12-22


European Identity
National Identity
Cultural Identity
European Union

How to Cite

Švarplys A. (2008) “The Difficulites for European Identity: Discourse, Culture, Politics and Post-nationalism”, Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, 220, pp. 91-109. doi: 10.15388/SocMintVei.2008.2.6060.


The paper expresses constructivist approach to the issue, asking the question: what there are essiantialdiscourses on European identity problem? The cultural, national, philosophical and political discourses shape European identity. The analysis of each of them shows that the efforts to universalise common European culture in the cultural-political discourse result in European Union as transnational state with actually the same features as of a national state only on the higher supra-national level. The final result is either unfavou­rable Euronationalism and Eurocentrism, or everlasting confrontation between national and euro identity. The alternative way is to cunstruct postnational identity, which means that European identity definition should contain any cultural references (because all cultural meanings still remain national). Postnational European identity receives constitutional face, because people recognize constitutional values as universal while still owning national identities.

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