Nacionalinio identiteto raiškos socialiniuose tinkluose
Daiva Siudikienė
Published 2013-01-01

How to Cite

Siudikienė D. (2013) “Nacionalinio identiteto raiškos socialiniuose tinkluose”, Information & Media, 640, pp. 19-34. doi: 10.15388/Im.2013.0.1602.


Straipsnyje nagrinėjama problematika yra reikšminga tiriamų medijų auditorijos transformacijos procesų dalis, nes medijų prisotinta aplinka generuoja naujus auditorijos dalyvių elgesio modelius. Keliama problema – šiuolaikiniuose kontekstuose mažėjantis nacionalinio identiteto reikšmingumas, kuris tampa lygiai tokiu pačiu ginčytinu simboliniu kapitalu, kaip ir visos kitos socialinio identiteto rūšys. Ieškoma atsakymų, kokie veiksniai formuoja šiuolaikinio medijų naudotojo tapatybę, kokios vertybės jam yra reikšmingos. Šiuolaikinėje visuomenėje identitetas yra suvokiamas kaip atviras savęs formavimo procesas ir simbolinis projektavimas. Globaliųjų socialinių tinklų plėtra ir tapimas reikšminga šiuolaikinių medijų naudotojų kasdienybės dalimi iliustruoja kintančius nacionalinio identiteto naratyvus šiuolaikinėje visuomenėje.
Reikšminiai žodžiai: nacionalinis identitetas, globalizacija, medijų naudotojai, socialiniai tinklai.

The forms of national identity in social networks
Daiva Siudikienė

When investigating the culture of virtuality, one of the main problems is the identity of the contempo­rary media users and the factors influencing the for­mation of their identities. In a traditional society, the identity was formatted by the traditional social insti­tutions such as family, church, nation, etc. The nation was defined as a culturally homogenized population living in a defined territory, distinguished by col­lective cultural identity, common values, traditions, worldview, the same language and history. Today, the individuals live in the environment enriched by the media, and their daily routines are closely related with the practices of media usage. Formation of the identity is now a more personal routine, meanwhile the influence of traditional social institutions and in­stitutional values decreases. In the globalised world the identity as a whole is no more an inherited thing; rather, it is based on the creativity of a person and his choices. Traditionally defined as fundamental, na­tional identity becomes a disputable symbolic capital like the other types of social identity.
This new emerging reality forms a multitude of issues. Significant problems are related to the relationship between the supra-national and the sub-national spheres. Is the national indentity still important for the young media users in the era of globalisation, mediatization, and individualization? How the young media users define themselves in the globalised media environment? How the young media users cohere the elements of both local and cosmopolitan culture? What new boundaries deve­lop among social, cultural, and ethnic groupings? The aim of this paper is to discuss the emerging new forms of national identity of the Lithuanian youth as a new media generation. Results of the investigation show that the national identity is under deep conside­ration among the young media users. It is clear that the national identity should gain more modern forms and be supported by new values in the contemporary dynamic world where the cosmopolitan values cor­respond to the lifestyles of the young media users much better than do traditional institutional values.


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