The problem of nonparametric estimation of probability density function is considered. The performance of kernel estimators based on various common kernels and a new kernel K (see (14)) with both fixed and adaptive smoothing bandwidth is compared in terms of the symmetric mean absolute percentage error using the Monte Carlo method. The kernel K is everywhere positive but has lighter tails than the Gaussian density. Gaussian mixture models from a collection introduced by Marron and Wand (1992) are taken for Monte Carlo simulations. The adaptive kernel method outperforms the smoothing with a fixed bandwidth in the majority of models. The kernel K shows better performance for Gaussian mixtures with considerably overlapping components and multiple peaks (double claw distribution).
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