A numerical study has been made to analyze the effects of variable thermal conductivity on the natural convection of heat generating fluids contained in a square cavity with isothermal walls and the top and bottom perfectly insulated surfaces. The flow is assumed to be two-dimensional. Calculations are carried out by solving governing equations for different parameters. The flow pattern and the heat transfer characteristics inside the cavity are presented in the form of steady-state streamlines, isotherms and velocity profiles. The heat transfer rate is increased by an increase in the thermal conductivity parameter.
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