An Assessment of House Loans Cointegration with Macro Variables in Selected Euro Zone Countries
Kazys Kupčinskas
Vilnius University, Lithuania
Arvydas Paškevičius
Vilnius University, Lithuania
Published 2020-11-16


vector error correction model
house loans

How to Cite

Kupčinskas K. and Paškevičius A. (2020) “An Assessment of House Loans Cointegration with Macro Variables in Selected Euro Zone Countries”, Ekonomika, 99(2), pp. 39-58. doi: 10.15388/Ekon.2020.2.3.


This paper performs an empirical study on house loans, interest rates, unemployment, and house rent prices relationship in Germany, France, Spain and Italy from the year 2003 to 2018. We look for the cointegration and causality relationship between the house loans and macro variables with the help of the Vector error correction model (VECM) and Granger causality methods. We investigate whether variables with monthly data explain better the relationship and causal effects between the variables. We find a long term cointegrating relationship between the real house loans and interest rates, unemployment and house rent prices for France, Spain, and Italy, but not for Germany. On average the equilibrium in house loan development is reached from 4 to 8 years, meaning that long term equilibrium exists, but the variables reach it in a rather long time period. The ECB deposit facility rate included as an exogenous variable in four countries gained no significant power in explaining the short term changes of house loans in any of the country. We reveal a complex interaction between the bank’s credits and unemployment, interest rates, house rental prices in the paper. 

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